↑ 1.01.1Taylor, W.R. and N.A. Menezes (1978) Ariidae., In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). volume 1. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2004) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of January 2004., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in January 2004.
↑ 3.03.1Zaneveld, J.S. (1983) Caribbean Fish Life. Index to the local and scientific names of the marine fishes and fishlike invertebrates of the Caribbean area (Tropical Western Central Atlantic Ocean)., E.J. Brill / Dr. W. Backhuys, Leiden, 163p.
↑ 4.04.1Ferraris, C.J. Jr. (2007) Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types., Zootaxa 1418:1-628.