↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (1996) PISCES., The information in FishBase was derived by comparing FishBase with a preliminary version 2.0 of Eschmeyer's PISCES database, published on the Internet in November 1996, URL: gopher://gopher.calacademy.org:640/7.
↑Lieske, E. and R. Myers (1994) Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea., Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (1998) Catalog of fishes., Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.
↑Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray (1986) A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America., Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p.
↑ 6.06.1Smith-Vaniz, W.F., B.B. Collette and B.E. Luckhurst (1999) Fishes of Bermuda: history, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys., American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 4. 424 p.