↑ 1.01.1Collette, B.B. (2004) Family Scomberesocidae Müller 1843 - Sauries., Calif. Acad. Sci. Annotated Checklists of Fishes (21):6.
↑Nakamura, I. (1985) FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 5. Billfishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date., FAO Fish. Synop. 125(5):65 p.