↑ 2.02.1Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2010) Catalog of fishes. Updated internet version of 19 February 2010., Catalog databases of CAS cited in FishBase (website).
↑Compagno, L.J.V. (1984) FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes., FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655.
↑Compagno, L.J.V. (1999) Checklist of living elasmobranchs., p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. John Hopkins University Press, Maryland.