Iran

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Islamic Republic of Iran
  • fa
  • Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
Lema
  • fa
"Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic." (de facto)[1]
Nasodnon nga awit
Kapital (Pamunuan)
(ngan gidako-i nga syudad)
Tehran
35°41′N 51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417
(Mga) Opisyal nga Pinulongan Persian
Spoken languages[2]
Demonimo Iranian, Persian
Kagamhanan Unitary presidential theocratic republic
 -  Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei
 -  President Hassan Rouhani
 -  Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri
Lehislatura Islamic Consultative Assembly
Unification[3]
 -  Median Empire c. 678 BCE 
 -  Achaemenid Empire 550 BCE 
 -  Sassanid Empire[4] 224 CE 
 -  Safavid Empire 1501[5] 
 -  Islamic Republic 1 April 1979 
 -  Current constitution 24 October 1979 
 -  Constitution amendment 28 July 1989 
Kahaluag
 -  Bug-os 1,648,195 nga km2 (18th)
636,372  nga kw nga mi 
 -  Katubigan nga (%) 0.7
Katawhan
 -  2013 nga banabana 77,176,930[6] (17th)
 -  Densidad 48/km2 (162rd)
124/kw nga mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 nga banabana
 -  Total $1.284 trillion[7] (17th)
 -  Per capita $16,463[7] (72nd)
GDP (nominal) 2014 nga banabana
 -  Total $402.700 billion[7] (20th)
 -  Per capita $5,165[7] (98th)
Gini (2010) 38 
HDI (2013) 0.749 (75th)
Salapî Rial (﷼) (IRR)
Zona hin oras IRST (UTC+3:30)
 -  Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Mga format hin petsa yyyy/mm/dd (SH)
Namanehar ha right
Internet nga TLD
Kodigo hin pagtawag +98

An Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران > Yomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān) usa nga nasod ha Asya. An kapital hini amo an syudad han Tehran.

Mga lalawigan ha Iran[igliwat | edit source]

Lalawigan Kapital Map
Ardabil Ardabil IranArdabil.png
Azarbaijan, East Tabriz IranEastAzerbaijan.png
Azarbaijan, West Urmia IranWestAzerbaijan.png
Bushehr Bushehr IranBushehr.png
Chahar Mahaal ngan Bakhtiari Shahrekord IranChaharMahaalBakhtiari.png
Fars Shiraz IranFars.png
Gilan Rasht IranGilan.png
Golestan Gorgan IranGolestan.png
Hamadan Hamadan IranHamadan.png
Hormozgan Bandar Abbas IranHormozgan.png
Ilam Ilam IranIlam.png
Isfahan Isfahan IranEsfahan.png
Kerman Kerman IranKerman.png
Kermanshah Kermanshah IranKermanshah.png
Khorasan, North Bojnourd IranNorthKhorasan.png
Khorasan, Razavi Mashhad IranRazaviKhorasan.png
Khorasan, South Birjand IranSouthKhorasan.png
Khuzestan Ahvaz IranKhuzestan.png
Kohgiluyeh ngan Boyer-Ahmad Yasuj IranKohkiluyehBuyerAhmad.png
Kurdistan Sanandaj IranKurdistan.png
Lorestan Khorramabad IranLorestan.png
Markazi Arak IranMarkazi.png
Mazandaran Sari IranMazandaran.png
Qazvin Qazvin IranQazvin.png
Qom Qom IranQom.png
Semnan Semnan IranSemnan.png
Sistan ngan Baluchistan Zahedan IranSistanBaluchistan.png
Tehran Tehran IranTehran.png
Yazd Yazd IranYazd.png
Zanjan Zanjan IranZanjan.png

Pinanbasaran[igliwat | edit source]

  1. Jeroen Temperman (2010). State-Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. BRILL. pp. 87–. ISBN 90-04-18148-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=Khag6tbsIn4C&pg=PA87. "The official motto of Iran is Takbir ("God is the Greatest" or "God is Great"). Transliteration Alahu Akbar. As referred to in art. 18 of the constitution of Iran (1979). The de facto motto however is: "Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic.""
  2. Ethnologue. Iran. Ethnologue. Ginkità dida han 21 June 2013.
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Encyclop.C3.A6dia_Britannica_Encyclopedia_Article:_Media_ancient_region.2C_Iran
  4. Alireza Shapur Shahbazi (2005), "The History of the Idea of Iran", in Vesta Curtis ed., Birth of the Persian Empire, IB Tauris, London, p. 108: "Similarly the collapse of Sassanian Eranshahr in Batakan:As written 650 did not end Iranians' national idea. The name 'Iran' disappeared from official records of the Saffarids, Samanids, Buyids, Saljuqs and their successor. But one unofficially used the name Iran, Eranshahr, and similar national designations, particularly Mamalek-e Iran or "Iranian lands", which exactly translated the old Avestan term Ariyanam Daihunam. On the other hand, when the Safavids (not Reza Shah, as is popularly assumed) revived a national state officially known as Iran, bureaucratic usage in the Ottoman empire and even Iran itself could still refer to it by other descriptive and traditional appellations".
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Andrew_J._Newman_2006
  6. بر اساس برآورد مرکز آمار ایران؛ جمعیت ایران به ۷۷.۱ میلیون نفر رسید
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Islamic Republic of Iran. International Monetary Fund. Ginkità dida han 2 November 2014.

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | edit source]

Mga video
  • Iran—Weekly program that explores Iran's past, present and future with exclusive reports. (PressTV)
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