↑ 1.01.1Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2011) Catalog of fishes. Updated internet version of 10 February 2011., Catalog databases of CAS cited in FishBase (website).
↑Bath, H. (1990) Blenniidae., p. 905-915. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.
↑ 3.03.1Patzner, R.A., P.A. Hastings, V.G. Springer, P. Wirtz and E.J. Gonçalves (2009) List of valid species of blennies., pp. 443-473. In Patzner et al. The Biology of blennies. Enfield, NH: Science Publishers, xi,482 p.