↑ 1.01.1Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (1999) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of November 1999., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in November 1999.
↑ 2.02.12.22.188.8.131.52Allen, G.R. (1985) FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date., FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p.
↑ 3.03.1Lloris, D. and J. Rucabado (1990) Lutjanidae., p. 773-779. In J. C. Quéro, J. C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A Post, and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.