↑ 2.02.1Roberts, T.R. and C. Vidthayanon (1991) Systematic revision of the Asian catfish family Pangasiidae, with biological observations and descriptions of three new species., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 143:97-144.
↑Wang, S. (ed.) (1998) China red data book of endangered animals. Pisces., National Environmental Protection Agency. Endangered Species Scientific Commision. Science Press, Beijing, China. 247p.