↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2003) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2003., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2003.
↑ 2.02.12.22.3Dewitt, H.H., P.C. Heemstra and O. Gon (1990) Nototheniidae., p. 279-331. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.