↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2000) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of November 2000., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in November 2000.
↑ 2.02.1Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman (1973) Freshwater fishes of Canada., Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184:1-966.
↑Smith, G.R. (Rev.) (2004) Fishes of the Great Lakes region, Revised edition., University of Michigan Press. Ann Arbor, Michigan. 276 p.
↑Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott (1991) Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada., Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p.