Sarah Bernhardt

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Sarah Bernhardt

Bernhardt around 1878, photograph by Paul Nadar (crop)
Natawo Rosine Bernardt
ca. 22 Oktubre 1844(1844-10-22)[1]
Paris, France
Namatay 26 Marso 1923 (edad 78)
Paris, France
Mga tuig nga aktibo 1862–1922
(Mga) asawa Ambroise Aristide Damala (m. 1882 – 1889) «start: (1882)–end+1: (1890)»"Marriage: Ambroise Aristide Damala to Sarah Bernhardt" Location: (linkback://war.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarah_Bernhardt)

Hi Sarah Bernhardt (Oktubre 22, 1844 – Marso 26, 1923) usa nga Franses nga aktres ha entablado nga gintatawag nga "gisisikati nga aktres ha kaagi han kalibutan". Naging sikat hi Bernhardt ha mga entablado han Europa ha mga 1870, ngan kumalat ini ha Amerika. Nagkamayda reputasyon hiya nga pagiging seryoso nga aktres ha drama, nga ginagnayan hiya nga "Sarah nga Divino".

Mga libro[igliwat | edit source]

  • Dans les nuages, Impressions d'une chaise (1878)
  • L'Aveu, drame en un acte en prose (1888)
  • Adrienne Lecouvreur, drame en six actes (1907)
  • Ma Double Vie (1907), & as My Double Life: Memoirs of Sarah Bernhardt, (1907) William Heinemann
  • Un Coeur d'Homme, pièce en quatre actes (1911)
  • Petite Idole (1920; as The Idol of Paris, 1921)
  • L'Art du Théâtre: la voix, le geste, la prononciation, etc. (1923; as The Art of the Theatre, 1924)

Strand Magazine[igliwat | edit source]

  • A Christmas Story (December 1893)
  • The Memoirs of Sarah Bernhardt (April 1904-March 1905)
  • The Bombardment of Paris (August 1913)
  • Love Wins (January 1921)
  • The Untold Story (April 1921)

Pinili nga papel[igliwat | edit source]

Bernhardt as Hamlet, 1899[2]
Bernhardt, in a portrait, 1890s

Filmograpiya[igliwat | edit source]

Portrait by William Downey
  • 1900: Le Duel d'Hamlet (Hamlet, as Hamlet) An excerpt from the play, featuring Bernhardt in a duel to the death with Laertes.
  • 1908: La Tosca (Tosca, as Tosca) A one-reel condensation of the play by the same name by Victorien Sardou.
  • 1911: La Dame aux Camélias (Lady of the CameliasCamille, in the U.S. release, as Camille) A two-reel condensation of the play by the same name, and co-starring Lou Tellegen.
  • 1912: Adrienne Lecouvreur (An Actress's Romance; as Adrienne Lecouvreur) A two-reel condensation of the play by the same name. Co-starring Lou Tellegen.
  • 1912: Les Amours d'Elisabeth, Reine d'Angleterre (Queen Elizabeth; a major success) A four-reel condensation of the play of the same name. Co-starring Lou Tellegen.
  • 1912: Sarah Bernhardt à Belle-Isle (Sarah Bernhardt at Home, as herself) This documentary features Sarah at home with her family and friends, fishing for shrimp, and cuddling indoors with her pet dogs.
  • 1915: Mères Françaises (Mothers of France), as Madame Jeanne D'Urbex, a war widow in World War I. When she learns that her son has also been wounded, she searches the battlefields, crawls through trenches, and finally reaches him at a medical station only to have him die in her arms. After this tragedy, she dedicates her life to helping others survive the ravages of war.
  • 1915: Ceux de Chez Nous (Those at Home: biographical, home movies) Among other celebrated persons of the era, there is a brief scene featuring Sarah sitting on a park bench and reading from a book.
  • 1916: Jeanne Doré (as Jeanne Doré). Based on a play of the same name. Sarah appears as a widowed mother, who lavishes attention on her son, Jacques. When he is seduced by a temptress and accidentally murders a man, she visits him in his cell on the night before his execution, pretending to be his fiancée.
  • 1921: Daniel (5-minute death scene from the play of the same name.) Sarah appears as a morphine addict in the hour before death.
  • 1923: La Voyante (The Fortune Teller,) Sarah appears as a clairvoyant, who makes predictions that influence the outcome of national events. This film was Sarah's final performance, and was made while she was mortally ill. It was eventually completed with scenes made with a stand-in performing Bernhardt's character with her back turned to the camera.

Mahitungod ha iya[igliwat | edit source]

Mga rekording[igliwat | edit source]

  • Phèdre (1902)
  • Le Lac (1902)
  • La Fiancée du Timbalier (1902)
  • Lucie (1902)
  • Le Lac (1903)
  • La Samaritaine (1903)
  • Les Vieux (1903)
  • Un Évangile (1903)
  • Phèdre (1903)
  • La Mort d'Izéil (An Kamatayon ni Izéil) (1903)
  • La Rêverie de Théroigne de Méricourt (An inop ni Théroigne de Méricourt) (1903)
  • Un Peu de Musique (Uska gutiay nga musika) (1903)
  • L'Aiglon (The Eaglet) (1910)
  • Phèdre (1910)
  • Les Buffons (The Buffoons) (1908)
  • La Samaritaine (1910)
  • L'Étoile dans la Nuit (An Bituon han gab-i) (1918)
  • Prière pour nos Ennemis (Uska pangadi para han aton kaaway) (1918)

Galeriya[igliwat | edit source]

Pinanbasaran[igliwat | edit source]

  1. She was baptised in 1857, when she was about 12, but the record is missing. A birth date taken from a certificate of a baptism conducted at the age of 12 would not be reliable as a primary source, and could only be used to corroborate other evidence. (In The Art of High Drama, a Professor Ockman describes finding an "unidentified newspaper clipping" in the Bibliothèque de la Comédie Française in Paris, which included a copy of a baptismal certificate saying Bernhardt was born on 25 September 1844.) It has been claimed that "Bernhardt sometimes celebrated her birthday on 23 October", although there is no verification of this claim. Bernhardt's 1907 autobiography Ma double vie (My Double Life) made no reference to her date of birth.
  2. Almanach des Spectacles, année 1899, p. 63; Sarah Bernhardt as Hamlet at the Library of Congress.

Bibliograpiya[igliwat | edit source]

Padugang nga barasahon[igliwat | edit source]

  • Brandon, Ruth. Being Divine: A Biography of Sarah Bernhardt. London: Mandarin, 1992.
  • Garans, Louis, Sarah Bernhardt: itinéraire d'une divine, Éditions Palatines, 2005, ISBN 978-2911434433
  • Léturgie, Jean and Xavier Fauche: Sarah Bernhardt, Lucky Luke (49). Dupuis, 1982.
  • Lorcey, Jacques. Sarah Bernhardt, l'art et la vie, Paris : Éditions Séguier, 2005. 160 pages. Avec une préface d'Alain Feydeau. ISBN 2-84049-417-5.
  • Menefee, David W. The First Female Stars: Women of the Silent Era. Connecticut: Praeger, 2004.
  • Ockmann, Carol and Kenneth E. Silver. Sarah Bernhardt: The Art of High Drama New York: Yale University Press, 2005

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | edit source]

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Dugang nga barasahon[igliwat | edit source]

  • Brandon, Ruth. Being Divine: A Biography of Sarah Bernhardt. London: Mandarin, 1992.
  • Gold, Arthur and Robert Fitzdale. The Divine Sarah: A Life of Sarah Bernhardt. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.
  • Léturgie, Jean and Xavier Fauche: Sarah Bernhardt, Lucky Luke (49). Dupuis, 1982.
  • Lorcey, Jacques. Sarah Bernhardt, l'art et la vie, Paris : Éditions Séguier, 2005. 160 pages. Avec une préface d'Alain Feydeau. ISBN 2-84049-417-5.
  • Menefee, David W. Sarah Bernhardt in the Theater of Films and Sound Recordings. North Carolina: McFarland, 2003.
  • Menefee, David W. The First Female Stars: Women of the Silent Era. Connecticut: Praeger, 2004.
  • Ockmann, Carol and Kenneth E. Silver. Sarah Bernhardt: The Art of High Drama New York: Yale University Press, 2005
  • Skinner, Cornelia Otis. Madame Sarah. Paragon House, 1966.
  • Snel, Harmen. "The ancestry of Sarah Bernhardt; a myth unravelled", Amsterdam, Joods Historisch Museum, 2007, ISBN 978-90-802029-3-1
  • Gottlieb, Robert "Sarah: The Life of Sarah Bernhardt" New Haven, Yale University Press, 2010
  • Aston, Elaine. Sarah Bernhardt: A French Actress on the English Stage. Oxford: Berg Publishers Limited, 1989

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | edit source]