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↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2009) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2009., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in June 2007.
↑ 3.03.1Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2007) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of June 2007., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in June 2007.
↑Cervigón, F. (1993) Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2., Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p.
↑Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.) (1983) Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana., Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p.