Complex number

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Complex mandelbrot illustration.png

An complex number, ha matematika, amo an numbero nga kalakip an usa ka tinu-od nga ihap (real number) ngan ginhunahunaan nga ihap (imaginary number). Puydi ini igsurat ha pamaagi han a + bi, kun diin an a ngan b amo an mga tinu-od nga ihap, ngan i an ginhunahunaan nga ihap nga may kinaaiya nga i2 = −1.

Pinanbasaran[igliwat | edit source]

Mga reperensya[igliwat | edit source]

Mga pan-matematika nga reperensya[igliwat | edit source]

Mga makasaysayan nga reperensya[igliwat | edit source]

  • Burton, David M. (1995), The History of Mathematics (3rd ed.), New York: McGraw-Hill, ISBN 978-0-07-009465-9
  • Katz, Victor J. (2004), A History of Mathematics, Brief Version, Addison-Wesley, ISBN 978-0-321-16193-2
  • Nahin, Paul J. (1998), An Imaginary Tale: The Story of \scriptstyle\sqrt{-1} (hardcover ed.), Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-02795-1
    A gentle introduction to the history of complex numbers and the beginnings of complex analysis.
  • H.-D. Ebbinghaus ... (1991), Numbers (hardcover ed.), Springer, ISBN 0-387-97497-0
    An advanced perspective on the historical development of the concept of number.

Padugang nga barasahon[igliwat | edit source]

  • The Road to Reality: A Complete Guide to the Laws of the Universe, by Roger Penrose; Alfred A. Knopf, 2005; ISBN 0-679-45443-8. Chapters 4–7 in particular deal extensively (and enthusiastically) with complex numbers.
  • Unknown Quantity: A Real and Imaginary History of Algebra, by John Derbyshire; Joseph Henry Press; ISBN 0-309-09657-X (hardcover 2006). A very readable history with emphasis on solving polynomial equations and the structures of modern algebra.
  • Visual Complex Analysis, by Tristan Needham; Clarendon Press; ISBN 0-19-853447-7 (hardcover, 1997). History of complex numbers and complex analysis with compelling and useful visual interpretations.
  • Conway, John B., Functions of One Complex Variable I (Graduate Texts in Mathematics), Springer; 2 edition (September 12, 2005). ISBN 0-387-90328-3.

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | edit source]