↑Williams, J.T. (1984) Studies on Echiodon (Pisces: Carapidae), with description of two new Indo-Pacific species., Copeia (2):410-422.
↑Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins (1999) FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 18. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date., FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO.