↑Uhler, P. R. (1857) Contributions to the Neuropterology of the United States. No. 1., Proceedings Academy Natural Sciences Philadelphia 1857: 87-88.
↑Fabricius, J. C. (1775) Systema entomologiae, sistens insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus. [Odonata: 420-426], Officina libraria Kortii, Flensburgi et Lipsiae 1-?.
↑Drury, D. (1773) Index on: Illustrations of natural history. Wherein are exhibited upwards of two hundred and forty figures of exotic insects, according to their different genera; very few of which have hitherto been figured by any author, being engraved and coloured from, B. White, London 1-2.