↑Paulin, C., A. Stewart, C. Roberts and P. McMillan (1989) New Zealand fish: a complete guide., National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series No. 19. xiv+279 p.
↑Amaoka, K., K. Matsuura T. Inada, M. Takeda, H. Hatanaka and K. Okada (eds.) (1990) Fishes collected by the R/V Shinkai Maru around New Zealand., Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 410 p.