↑ 2.02.12.22.3Roberts, T.R. (1989) The freshwater fishes of Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia)., Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci. 14:210 p.
↑ 3.03.13.23.126.96.36.199Roberts, T.R. (1992) Systematic revision of the Southeast Asian anabantoid fish genus Osphronemus, with descriptions of two new species., Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 2(4):351-360.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2001) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of December 2001., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in December 2001.