An pagkakaiba han mga rebisyon han "Kabutngaay nga Panahon"

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Ginsasaliwanan an pakli han 'An '''Kapanahonan han Kabutngaan''' amo an usa ka parte han kaagi han Europa. Nagtikang ini ha may 476 CE kun diin an Katundan Imperyo Romano natumba, ngan nagpadayo...'
(Ginsasaliwanan an pakli han 'An '''Kapanahonan han Kabutngaan''' amo an usa ka parte han kaagi han Europa. Nagtikang ini ha may 476 CE kun diin an Katundan Imperyo Romano natumba, ngan nagpadayo...')
tag: Replaced
==Pinanbasaran==
{{reflist}}
 
==Mga reperensya==
{{refbegin|60em}}
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* {{cite book |author=Keen, Maurice |title=The Pelican History of Medieval Europe |publisher=Penguin Books |location=London |origyear=1968 |year=1988 |isbn=0-14-021085-7}}
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* {{cite book |author=Lightbown, Ronald W. |title=Secular Goldsmiths' Work in Medieval France: A History |series=Reports of the Research Committee of the Society of Antiquaries of London |publisher=Thames and Hudson |location=London |isbn=0-500-99027-1 |year=1978}}
* {{cite journal |author1=Lindberg, David C. |authorlink1=David C. Lindberg |author2=Numbers, Ronald L. |authorlink2=Ronald Numbers |title=Beyond War and Peace: A Reappraisal of the Encounter between Christianity and Science |journal=Church History |volume=55 |issue=3 |pages=338–354 |year=1986 |doi=10.2307/3166822 |jstor=3166822}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Lindberg, David C. |authorlink=David C. Lindberg |title=The Medieval Church Encounters the Classical Tradition: Saint Augustine, Roger Bacon, and the Handmaiden Metaphor |editors=Lindberg, David C. and Numbers, Ronald L. |encyclopedia=When Science & Christianity Meet |location=Chicago, IL |publisher=University of Chicago Press |year=2003 |isbn=0-226-48214-6}}
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* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Loyn, H. R. |authorlink=H. R. Loyn |title=Eleanor of Aquitaine |encyclopedia=The Middle Ages: A Concise Encyclopedia |publisher=Thames and Hudson |editor=Loyn, H. R. |location=London |year=1989 |isbn=0-500-27645-5 |page=122}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Loyn, H. R. |authorlink=H. R. Loyn |title=Famine |encyclopedia=The Middle Ages: A Concise Encyclopedia |publisher=Thames and Hudson |editor=Loyn, H. R. |location=London |year=1989 |isbn=0-500-27645-5 |pages=127–128}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Loyn, H. R. |authorlink=H. R. Loyn |title=Great Schism |encyclopedia=The Middle Ages: A Concise Encyclopedia |publisher=Thames and Hudson |editor=Loyn, H. R. |location=London |year=1989 |isbn=0-500-27645-5 |page=153}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Loyn, H. R. |authorlink=H. R. Loyn |title=Hundred Years' War |encyclopedia=The Middle Ages: A Concise Encyclopedia |publisher=Thames and Hudson |editor=Loyn, H. R. |location=London |year=1989 |isbn=0-500-27645-5 |page=176}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Loyn, H. R. |authorlink=H. R. Loyn |title=Jews |encyclopedia=The Middle Ages: A Concise Encyclopedia |publisher=Thames and Hudson |editor=Loyn, H. R. |location=London |year=1989 |isbn=0-500-27645-5 |pages=190–192}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Loyn, H. R. |authorlink=H. R. Loyn |title=Knights of the Temple (Templars) |encyclopedia=The Middle Ages: A Concise Encyclopedia |publisher=Thames and Hudson |editor=Loyn, H. R. |location=London |year=1989 |isbn=0-500-27645-5 |pages=201–202}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Loyn, H. R. |authorlink=H. R. Loyn |title=Language and dialect |encyclopedia=The Middle Ages: A Concise Encyclopedia |publisher=Thames and Hudson |editor=Loyn, H. R. |location=London |year=1989 |isbn=0-500-27645-5 |page=204}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Loyn, H. R. |authorlink=H. R. Loyn |title=Scholasticism |encyclopedia=The Middle Ages: A Concise Encyclopedia |publisher=Thames and Hudson |editor=Loyn, H. R. |location=London |year=1989 |isbn=0-500-27645-5 |pages=293–294}}
* {{cite web |url=http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Middle%20Ages |title=Middle Ages |publisher=Dictionary.com |year=2004 |accessdate=7 April 2012}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Miglio, Massimo |title=Curial Humanism seen through the Prism of the Papal Library |editor=Mazzocco, Angelo |encyclopedia=Interpretations of Renaissance Humanism |publisher=Brill |year=2006 |pages=97–112 |location=Leiden |isbn=978-90-04-15244-1 |series=Brill's Studies in Intellectual History}}
* {{cite journal |author=Mommsen, Theodore |authorlink=Theodor Mommsen |title=Petrarch's Conception of the 'Dark Ages' |journal=[[Speculum (journal)|Speculum]] |volume=17 |issue=2 |pages=226–242 |date=April 1942 |jstor=2856364 |doi=10.2307/2856364}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Morris, Rosemary |title=Northern Europe invades the Mediterranean, 900–1200 |encyclopedia=The Oxford Illustrated History of Medieval Europe |editor=Holmes, George |publisher=Oxford University Press |location=Oxford, UK |year=1998 |isbn=0-19-285220-5 |pages=175–234}}
* {{cite journal |author=Murray, Alexander |title=Should the Middle Ages Be Abolished? |journal=Essays in Medieval Studies |volume=21 |year=2004 |pages=1–22 |doi=10.1353/ems.2005.0010}}
* {{cite book |author=Nees, Lawrence |title=Early Medieval Art |publisher=Oxford University Press |series=Oxford History of Art |location=Oxford, UK |year=2002 |isbn=978-0-19-284243-5}}
* {{cite book |author=Nicolle, David |authorlink=David Nicolle |title=Medieval Warfare Source Book: Warfare In Western Christendom |publisher=Brockhampton Press |location=London |year=1999 |isbn=1-86019-889-9}}
* {{cite web |author=Numbers, Ronald |authorlink=Ronald Numbers |url=http://www.st-edmunds.cam.ac.uk/faraday/CIS/Numbers/Numbers_Lecture.pdf |title=Myths and Truths in Science and Religion: A historical perspective |work=Lecture archive |date=11 May 2006 |publisher=The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion |accessdate=25 January 2013}}
* {{cite book |author=Payne, Robert |authorlink=Robert Payne (author) |title=The Dream and the Tomb: A History of the Crusades |publisher=Cooper Square Press |location=New York |edition=First paperback |year=2000 |isbn=0-8154-1086-7}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Peters, Ted |authorlink=Ted Peters (theologian) |title=Science and Religion |editor=Jones, Lindsay |encyclopedia=Encyclopedia of Religion |edition=Second |volume=12 |publisher=MacMillan Reference |location=Detroit, MI |year=2005 |isbn=978-0-02-865980-0 |page=8182}}
* {{cite book |author=Power, Daniel |year=2006 |title=The Central Middle Ages: Europe 950–1320 |series=The Short Oxford History of Europe |publisher=Oxford University Press |location=Oxford, UK |isbn=978-0-19-925312-8}}
* {{cite book |author=Reilly, Bernard F. |title=The Medieval Spains |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cambridge, UK |year=1993 |isbn=0-521-39741-3 |series=Cambridge Medieval Textbooks}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Riley-Smith, Jonathan |authorlink=Jonathan Riley-Smith |title=Crusades |encyclopedia=The Middle Ages: A Concise Encyclopedia |publisher=Thames and Hudson |editor=Loyn, H. R. |location=London |year=1989 |isbn=0-500-27645-5 |pages=106–107}}
* {{cite book |author=Rosenwein, Barbara H. |title=Rhinoceros Bound: Cluny in the Tenth Century |location=Philadelphia, PA |publisher=University of Pennsylvania Press |year=1982 |isbn=0-8122-7830-5}}
* {{cite book |author=Russell, Jeffey Burton |title=Inventing the Flat Earth-Columbus and Modern Historians |publisher=Praeger |location=Westport, CT |year=1991 |isbn=0-275-95904-X}}
* {{cite book |author=Saul, Nigel |authorlink=Nigel Saul |title=A Companion to Medieval England 1066–1485 |year=2000 |publisher=Tempus |location=Stroud, UK |isbn=0-7524-2969-8}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Schove, D. Justin |title=Plague |encyclopedia=The Middle Ages: A Concise Encyclopedia |publisher=Thames and Hudson |editor=Loyn, H. R. |location=London |year=1989 |isbn=0-500-27645-5 |pages=267–269}}
* {{cite book |author=Singman, Jeffrey L. |title=Daily Life in Medieval Europe |publisher=Greenwood Press |location=Westport, CT |series=Daily Life Through History |year=1999 |isbn=0-313-30273-1}}
* {{cite book |author=Stalley, Roger |title=Early Medieval Architecture |publisher=Oxford University Press |series=Oxford History of Art |location=Oxford, UK |year=1999 |isbn=978-0-19-284223-7}}
* {{cite book |author=Tansey, Richard G.; Gardner, Helen Louise; De la Croix, Horst |title=Gardner's Art Through the Ages |publisher=Harcourt Brace Jovanovich |location=San Diego, CA |year=1986 |isbn=0-15-503763-3 |edition=Eighth}}
* {{cite book |author=Thomson, John A. F. |title=The Western Church in the Middle Ages |publisher=Arnold |location=London |year=1998 |isbn=0-340-60118-3}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Vale, Malcolm |title=The Civilization of Courts and Cities in the North, 1200–1500 |encyclopedia=The Oxford Illustrated History of Medieval Europe |editor=Holmes, George |publisher=Oxford University Press |location=Oxford, UK |year=1998 |isbn=0-19-285220-5 |pages=297–351}}
* {{cite book |author=Watts, John |title=The Making of Polities: Europe, 1300–1500 |publisher=Cambridge University Press |series=Cambridge Medieval Textbooks |location=Cambridge, UK |year=2009 |isbn=978-0-521-79664-4}}
* {{cite encyclopedia |author=Whitton, David |title=The Society of Northern Europe in the High Middle Ages, 900–1200 |encyclopedia=The Oxford Illustrated History of Medieval Europe |editor=Holmes, George |publisher=Oxford University Press |location=Oxford, UK |year=1998 |isbn=0-19-285220-5 |pages=115–174}}
* {{cite book |author=Wickham, Chris |authorlink=Christopher Wickham |title=The Inheritance of Rome: Illuminating the Dark Ages 400–1000 |publisher=Penguin Books |location=New York |year=2009 |isbn=978-0-14-311742-1}}
{{refend}}
 
==Dugang nga barasahon==
{{refbegin|40em}}
* {{cite journal |author=Ames, Christine Caldwell |title=Does Inquisition Belong to Religious History? |journal=American Historical Review |date=February 2005 |volume=110 |issue=1 |pages=11–37 |doi= 10.1086/531119}}
* {{cite book|author=Cantor, Norman F. |authorlink=Norman Cantor |title=Inventing the Middle Ages: The Lives, Works, and Ideas of the Great Medievalists of the Twentieth Century |year=1991 |publisher=W. Morrow |location=New York |isbn= 9780688094065}}
* {{cite book |editor=Davis, R. H. C. |authorlink= Ralph Henry Carless Davis | title=The Writing of History in the Middle Ages: Essays Presented to Richard William Southern |publisher=Oxford University Press |location= 0198225563 |year= 1981 |isbn= 0198225563}}
* {{cite journal| author=Fleischman, Suzanne |title=On the Representation of History and Fiction in the Middle Ages |journal=History and Theory |volume=23 |issue=3 |date=October 1983 |pages=278–310 |jstor=2504985}}
* {{cite book |author=Gurevich, Aron |authorlink= Aron Gurevich |title=Historical Anthropology of the Middle Ages |publisher=University of Chicago Press |year=1992 |location=Chicago |isbn= 9780226310831 |editor=Howlett, Janet (translator)}}
* {{cite journal |author=Spiegel, Gabrielle M. |authorlink= Gabrielle M. Spiegel |title=History, Historicism, and the Social Logic of the Text in the Middle Ages |journal=Speculum |volume=65 |issue=1 |date=January 1990 |pages=59–86 |jstor= 2864472}}
* {{cite book |author=Smith, Julia |title=Europe After Rome: A New Cultural History, 500-1000 |year=2005 |publisher= Oxford University Press |location=Oxford, UK |isbn= 9780199244270}}
* {{cite book |author=Stuard, Susan Mosher |title=Women in Medieval History and Historiography |publisher= University of Pennsylvania Press |year= 1987 |location=Philadelphia, PA |isbn= 9780812212907}}
* {{cite journal|author=Sullivan, Richard E. |title=The Carolingian Age: Reflections on its Place in the History of the Middle Ages |journal=Speculum |volume=64 |issue=2 |date=April 1989 |pages=267–306 |jstor= 2851941}}
* {{cite journal |author=Van Engen, John |authorlink= John Van Engen |title=The Christian Middle Ages as an Historiographical Problem |journal=American Historical Review |date=June 1986 |issue=3 |volume=91 |pages=519–552 |jstor=1869130}}
{{refend}}
 
==Mga sumpay ha gawas==
{{Commons}}
{{Wikisource index}}
* [http://www.the-orb.net/ ORB The Online Reference Book of Medieval Studies] Academic peer reviewed articles and encyclopedia
* [https://blogs.commons.georgetown.edu/labyrinth/ The Labyrinth] Resources for Medieval Studies.
* [http://www.netserf.org/ NetSERF] The Internet Connection for Medieval Resources.
* [http://www.deremilitari.org/ De Re Militari: The Society for Medieval Military History]
* [http://www.medievalmap.org/ Medievalmap.org] Interactive maps of the Medieval era (Flash plug-in required)
* [http://www.bl.uk/learning/histcitizen/medieval/medievalrealms.html Medieval Realms] Learning resources from the British Library including studies of beautiful medieval manuscripts
* [http://www.medievalists.net/ Medievalists.net] News and articles about the period.
* [http://medieval.name/ Medieval.name] Dictionary of medieval terms and phrases.

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