An pagkakaiba han mga rebisyon han "Joseph Stalin"

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Hi '''Joseph Stalin''' o '''Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin''' (ha Rinuso Ио́сиф Виссарио́нович Ста́лин, ginluluwas nga [ˈjɵsʲɪf vʲɪsɐˈrʲɵnəvʲɪtɕ ˈstalʲɪn];, puyde liwat '''Josef Stalin''' o kundi man '''José Stalin''' nga natawo ha ngaran nga '''Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jugashvili''', {{lang-ka|იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი}}, {{IPA-ka|iɔsɛb bɛsɑriɔnis dzɛ dʒuɣɑʃvili|pron}}; 18 Disyembre 1878<ref name="dob"/>&nbsp;– 5 Marso 1953)) in Kasahiran nga Maghirilom han Partido Komunista han Unyon Sobyet Komite Sentral tikang 1922 kutob ha iya kamatay ha 1953. Ha mga tuig kahuman namatay hi [[Vladimir Lenin]], hiya an naging lider han [[Unyon Sobyet]].
 
===Bibliograpiya===
*{{Cite book|last=Applebaum|first=Anne|title=Gulag: A History|url=https://archive.org/details/gulaghistory00appl|publisher=Doubleday|year=2003|isbn= 0-7679-0056-1|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last1=Bideleux|first1=Robert|last2=Jeffries|first2=Ian|title=A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change|publisher=Routledge|year=1998|isbn=978-0-203-05024-8|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last=Boobbyer|first=Phillip|title=The Stalin Era|publisher=Routledge|year=2000|isbn= 0-7679-0056-1|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last=Brackman|first=Roman|title=The Secret File of Joseph Stalin: A Hidden Life|publisher=Frank Cass Publishers|year=2001|isbn=0-7146-5050-1|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last1=Brent|first1=Jonathan|last2=Naumov|first2=Vladimir|title=Stalin's Last Crime: The Plot Against the Jewish Doctors, 1948–1953|publisher=HarperCollins|year=2004|isbn=0-06-093310-0|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last=Fest|first=Joachim C.|title=Hitler|publisher=Houghton Mifflin Harcourt|year=2002|isbn=0-15-602754-2|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last=Henig|first=Ruth Beatrice|title=The Origins of the Second World War, 1933–41|publisher=Routledge|year=2005|isbn=0-415-33262-1|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last=Montefiore|first=Simon Sebag|title=Young Stalin|publisher=Weidenfeld & Nicolson|year=2007|isbn=978-0-297-85068-7|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last=Murphy|first=David E.|title=What Stalin Knew: The Enigma of Barbarossa|publisher=Yale University Press|year=2006|isbn=0-300-11981-X|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last=Overy|first=R. J.|title=The Dictators: Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia|url=https://archive.org/details/dictators00rich|publisher=W. W. Norton & Company|year=2004|isbn=0-393-02030-4|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last1=Nekrich|first1=Aleksandr Moiseevich|last2=Ulam|first2=Adam Bruno|last3=Freeze|first3=Gregory L.|title=Pariahs, Partners, Predators: German-Soviet Relations, 1922–1941|publisher=Columbia University Press|year=1997|isbn=0-231-10676-9|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last=Roberts|first=Geoffrey |title=Stalin's Wars: From World War to Cold War, 1939–1953 |publisher=Yale University Press |year=2006 |isbn=0-300-11204-1|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite journal|last=Roberts|first=Geoffrey|title=Stalin, the Pact with Nazi Germany, and the Origins of Postwar Soviet Diplomatic Historiography|year=2002|volume=4|issue=4|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite journal|last=Roberts|first=Geoffrey|title=The Soviet Decision for a Pact with Nazi Germany|journal=Soviet Studies|year=1992|volume=55|issue=2|pages=57–78|publisher=Taylor & Francis, Ltd.|ref=harv|jstor=152247}}
*{{Cite journal|last=Soviet Information Bureau|title=Falsifiers of History (Historical Survey)|publisher=Foreign Languages Publishing House|place=Moscow|year=1948|id=272848|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite journal|last=Department of State|title=Nazi-Soviet Relations, 1939–1941: Documents from the Archives of The German Foreign Office|publisher=Department of State|year=1948|url=http://www.ibiblio.org/pha/nsr/nsr-preface.html|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last=Taubert|first=Fritz|title=The Myth of Munich|publisher=Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag|year=2003|isbn=3-486-56673-3|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite book|last=Tucker|first=Robert C.|title=Stalin in Power: The Revolution from Above, 1928–1941 |publisher=W. W. Norton & Company|year=1992|isbn=0-393-30869-3|ref=harv}}
*{{Cite journal|doi=10.1080/713663077|last=Watson|first=Derek|title=Molotov's Apprenticeship in Foreign Policy: The Triple Alliance Negotiations in 1939|journal=Europe-Asia Studies|year=2000|volume=52|issue=4|pages=695–722|publisher=Taylor & Francis, Ltd.|ref=harv|jstor=153322}}
*{{Cite book|last=Wettig|first=Gerhard|title=Stalin and the Cold War in Europe|publisher=Rowman & Littlefield|year=2008|isbn=0-7425-5542-9|ref=harv}}
 
==Dugang nga barasahon==
*[[Anton Antonov-Ovseenko]]. ''The Time of Stalin: Portrait of a Tyranny''. [[Harpercollins]], 1983 (ISBN 0060390271)
*Brent, Jonathan. ''Inside the Stalin Archives: Discovering the New Russia''. Atlas & Co., 2008 (ISBN 0977743330) [http://atlasandco.com/images/uploads/samples/pdf/InsideStalinArchives-web.pdf Introduction online] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090224230330/http://atlasandco.com/images/uploads/samples/pdf/InsideStalinArchives-web.pdf |date=2009-02-24 }}
*Brent, Jonathan; Naumov, Vladimir Pavlovich. ''Stalin's Last Crime: The Plot Against the Jewish Doctors, 1948–1953''. New York: HarperCollins, 2003 (ISBN 0-06-019524-X); as ''Stalin's Last Crime: The Doctor's Plot''. London: John Murray, 2004 (ISBN 0-7195-6508-1).
*Broekmeyer, Marius. ''Stalin, the Russians, and Their War, 1941–1945''. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2004 (ISBN 0-299-19590-2).
*Bullock, Alan. ''Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives''. London: HarperCollins, 1991 (ISBN 0002154943).
*Boterbloem, Kees. ''Life and Death under Stalin: Kalinin Province, 1945–1953''. Montreal, Quebec; Kingston, ON: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1999 (ISBN 0-7735-1811-8).
*[[Robert Conquest]]. ''The Great Terror: A Reassessment''. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990 (ISBN 0-19-507132-8).
*[[Robert Conquest]]. ''The Harvest of Sorrow: Soviet Collectivization and the Terror-Famine''. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986 (ISBN 0-19-505180-7).
*Davies, Sarah; Harris, James R. ''Stalin: A New History''. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005 (ISBN 0-521-85104-1).
*[[Isaac Deutscher]]. ''Stalin: A Political Biography''. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967 (ISBN 0-19-500273-3); London: Penguin Books, 1990 (ISBN 0140135049).
*[[Milovan Đilas]]. ''Conversations With Stalin''. Harcourt Trade Publishers New York, 1962 (ISBN 0151225907)
*[[Orlando Figes]]. ''The Whisperers: Private Life in Stalin's Russia''. Metropolitan Books, 2007 (ISBN 0805074619)
*Gellately, Robert. ''Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe.'' [[Knopf]], August 2007 (ISBN 1-4000-4005-1).
*Gill, Graeme. ''Stalinism'' (2nd ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1998 (ISBN 0-312-17764-X).
*Jonge, Alex de. ''Stalin and the Shaping of the Soviet Union''. New York: William Morrow, 1986 (ISBN 0-688-04730-0); 1987 (ISBN 0688072917).
*Keep, John L.H.; Litvin, Alter L. ''Stalinism: Russian and Western Views at the Turn of the Millennium (Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions)''. New York: Routledge, 2004 (ISBN 0-415-35108-1)
*Kuromiya, Hiroaki. ''Stalin''. Harlow, UK: Longman, 2006 (ISBN 0-582-78479-4).
*Kuromiya, Hiroaki. ''The Voices of the Dead: Stalin's Great Terror in the 1930s.'' [[Yale University Press]], 24 December 2007. ISBN 0-300-12389-2
*''The Leader Cult in Communist Dictatorships: Stalin and the Eastern Bloc'', edited by Apor, Balázs; Jan C. Behrends, Polly Jones and E.A. Rees. Houndmills, UK; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004 (ISBN 1-4039-3443-6).
*''The Lesser Evil: Moral Approaches to Genocide Practices (Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions)'', edited by Helmut Dubiel and Gabriel Motzkin. New York: Routledge, 2004 (ISBN 0-7146-5493-0).
*Laqueur, Walter. ''Stalin: The Glasnost Revelations''. New York: Scribner, 1990 (ISBN 0684192039).
*Mace, James E. "The Man-Made Famine of 1933 in Soviet Ukraine", ''Famine in Ukraine 1932–1933: A Memorial Exhibition'', edited by Roman Serbyn and Bohdan Krawchenko. Edmonton, Alberta: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 1986 (ISBN 0-920862-43-8), pp.&nbsp;1–14.
*Mawdsley, Evan. ''The Stalin Years: The Soviet Union, 1929–53''. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003 (ISBN 0-7190-6377-9).
*McDermott, Kevin. ''Stalin: Revolutionary in an Era of War (European History in Perspective)''. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006 (ISBN 0-333-71121-1).
*McLoughlin, Barry and McDermott, Kevin (eds). ''Stalin's Terror: High Politics and Mass Repression in the Soviet Union.'' [[Palgrave Macmillan]], 2002. ISBN 1-4039-0119-8
*[[Roy Medvedev]]; [[Zhores Medvedev]] ''The Unknown Stalin: His Life, Death, and Legacy''. London: I.B. Tauris, 2003 (ISBN 1-86064-768-5)
*[[Simon Sebag Montefiore]]. ''Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar''. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004 (ISBN 1-4000-4230-5); New York: Vintage, 2005 (ISBN 1400076781).
*[[Simon Sebag Montefiore]]. ''Young Stalin''. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2007 (ISBN 978-0-297-85068-7). An [http://www.randomhouse.com/acmart/catalog/display.pperl?isbn=9781400044658&view=excerpt excerpt].
*Murphy, David E. ''What Stalin Knew: The Enigma of Barbarossa''. Yale University Press, 2005 (ISBN 0300107803).
*[[Norman Naimark]] ''Stalin's Genocides (Human Rights and Crimes against Humanity).'' [[Princeton University Press]], 2010. ISBN 0-691-14784-1
*[[Richard Overy]]. ''Dictators: Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia''. Allen Lane, 2004 (ISBN 0-393-32797-3).
*Parrish, Michael. [http://isbndb.com/d/book/the_lesser_terror.html ''The Lesser Terror: Soviet state security, 1939–1953''] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20161021075317/http://isbndb.com/d/book/the_lesser_terror.html |date=2016-10-21 }}. Praeger Press, 1996 (ISBN 0275951138)
*[[Richard Pipes]]. ''Communism: A History''. [[Modern Library Chronicles]], 2001 (ISBN 0679640509)
*Priestland, David. ''Stalin and the Politics of Mobilization: Ideas, Power, and Terror in Inter-war Russia''. New York: Oxford University Press (U.S.), 2006 (ISBN 0-19-924513-4).
*[[Edvard Radzinsky]]. ''Stalin: The First In-Depth Biography Based on Explosive New Documents from Russia's Secret Archives''. Doubleday, 1996 (ISBN 0-385-47397-4). [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/style/longterm/books/chap1/stalin.htm Chapter 1].
*[[Donald Rayfield|Rayfield, Donald]], ''[[Stalin and His Hangmen|Stalin and his Hangmen: The Tyrant and Those Who Killed for Him]]'', (2005), Random House
*''Redefining Stalinism (Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions)'', edited by Harold Shukman. New York: Routledge, 2003 (ISBN 0-7146-5415-9).
*Ree, Erik van. ''The Political Thought of Joseph Stalin: A Study in Twentieth-Century Revolutionary Patriotism''. London; New York: Routledge Courzon, 2002 (ISBN 0-7007-1749-8).
*Roberts, Geoffrey. ''Stalin's Wars: From World War to Cold War, 1939–1953''. New Heaven, CT; London: Yale University Press, 2006 (ISBN 0300112041).
*[[Steven Rosefielde|Rosefielde, Steven]]. ''[[Red Holocaust (2009 book)|Red Holocaust]].'' [[Routledge]], 2009. (ISBN 0-415-77757-7)
*[[Rudolph Rummel]] ''Death By Government''. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1994 (ISBN 1560001453).
*[[Rudolph Rummel]] ''Lethal Politics: Soviet Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1917''. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1990 (ISBN 0887383335)
*Sandag, Shagdariin; Kendall, Harry H.; Wakeman, Frederic E. ''Poisoned Arrows: The Stalin-Choibalsan Mongolian Massacres, 1921–1941.'' Westview Press (October 1999). ISBN 0-8133-3710-0
*[[Robert Service (historian)|Service, Robert]]. ''Stalin: A Biography''. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2005 (ISBN 0-674-01697-1).
*[[Timothy Snyder]]. ''[[Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin]].'' [[Basic Books]], 2010. ISBN 0-465-00239-0
*[[Boris Souvarine]]. ''Stalin: A Critical Survey of Bolshevism''. Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Publishing, 2005 (ISBN 1-4191-1307-0)[http://www.marxists.org/history/etol/writers/souvar/works/stalin/index.htm Online].
*''Stalin's Terror Revisited.'' Edited by Melanie Ilic and Stephen&nbsp;G. Wheatcroft. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006 (ISBN 1-4039-4705-8).
*[[Robert C. Tucker]] ''Stalin as Revolutionary, 1879–1929: A Study in History and Personality''. (W.W. Norton, 1973) [http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=acls;cc=acls;view=toc;idno=heb00811.0001.001 online edition]
*Robert C. Tucker ''Stalin in Power: The Revolution from Above, 1928–1941''. New York: W.W. Norton, 1990 (ISBN 0-393-02881-X).
*Tzouliadis, Tim. ''The Forsaken: An American Tragedy in Stalin's Russia''. The [[Penguin Press]], 2008 (ISBN 1594201684)
*Ulam, Adam Bruno. ''Stalin: The Man and His Era''. Boston: Beacon Press, 1989 (ISBN 0-8070-7005-X)
*Vaksberg, Arkady. ''The Murder of Maxim Gorky. A Secret Execution''. (Enigma Books: New York, 2007. ISBN 978-1-929631-62-9.)
*[[Dmitri Volkogonov]] (Author); Shukman, Harold (Editor, Translator). ''Autopsy for an Empire: the Seven Leaders Who Built the Soviet Regime''. Free Press, 1998 (ISBN 0684834200)
*Ward, Chris. ''The Stalinist Dictatorship''. London: Arnold Publishers, 1998 (ISBN 0-340-70640-6).
*Ward, Chris. "Stalin Through Seventeenth-Century Eyes", ''Journal of European Studies'', Vol.&nbsp;36, No.&nbsp;2. (2006), pp.&nbsp;181–200.
*[[Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev]] (Author); Austin, Anthony (Translator). ''A Century of Violence in Soviet Russia''. [[Yale University Press]], 2002 (ISBN 0300087608)
 
==Mga sumpay ha gawas==
{{Commonscat|Joseph Stalin}}
{{Refbegin}}
*[http://www.marx2mao.com/Stalin/Index.html Stalin Library (with all 13 volumes of Stalin's ''works'' and "volume 14")]
*[http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/archives/intro.html Library of Congress: Revelations from the Russian Archives]
*[http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/ Electronic archive of Stalin's letters and presentations]
*[http://www.sovetika.ru/ Sovetika.ru{{spaced ndash}}A site about the Soviet era] {{Ru icon}}
*"Another view of Stalin" [http://www.plp.org/books/book1.pdf][http://www.plp.org/books/book2.pdf][http://www.plp.org/books/book3.pdf] by [[Ludo Martens]], [[Progressive Labor Party (United States)|Progressive Labor Party]] website
*[http://www.marxists.org/archive/trotsky/1936/revbet/index.htm "The Revolution Betrayed" by Leon Trotsky]
*[http://www.historyguide.org/europe/cult.html Stalin and the 'Cult of Personality']
*[http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSstalin.htm Stalin Biography from Spartacus Educational] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070523090917/http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSstalin.htm |date=2007-05-23 }}
*[http://www.worldfuturefund.org/wffmaster/Reading/Total%20Biblio/Stalin%20Bibliography.htm A List of Key Documentary Material on Stalin]
*"[http://clogic.eserver.org/2005/furr.html Stalin and the Struggle for Democratic Reform, Part One] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080601101454/http://clogic.eserver.org/2005/furr.html |date=2008-06-01 }}" and "[http://clogic.eserver.org/2005/furr2.html Part Two] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080723105239/http://clogic.eserver.org/2005/furr2.html |date=2008-07-23 }}" by Grover Furr.
*''[http://images.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/i/image/image-idx?c=stalinka Stalinka: The Digital Library of Staliniana]''
*[http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1946stalin.html Modern History Sourcebook: Stalin's Reply to Churchill, 1946]
*[http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1956khrushchev-secret1.html Modern History Sourcebook: Nikita S. Khrushchev: The Secret Speech – On the Cult of Personality, 1956]
*[http://assets.cambridge.org/052182/6284/sample/0521826284WS.pdf The political economy of Stalinism: evidence from the Soviet secret archives / Paul R. Gregory]
*"[http://www.polit.ru/research/2006/01/16/demography.html Demographic catastrophes of the 20th century]", chapter from ''Demographic Modernization in Russia 1900–2000'', ed. A. G. Vishnevsky, 2006 ISBN 5-98379-042-0&nbsp;– estimates of the human cost of Stalin's rule
*[http://alsos.wlu.edu/qsearch.aspx?browse=people/Stalin,+Joseph Annotated bibliography for Joseph Stalin from the Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20060828131524/http://alsos.wlu.edu/qsearch.aspx?browse=people%2FStalin%2C+Joseph |date=2006-08-28 }}
*[http://english.pravda.ru/main/18/90/363/16693_Stalin.html "Secret documents reveal Stalin was poisoned"] study by the Russian paper [[Pravda]] of events behind possible death by poisoning
*[http://www.webshots.com/page/leadin?u=http%3A%2F%2Fcommunity.webshots.com%2Fuser%2Fsummitphotographics%3Fvhost%3Dcommunity Over 2,000 original German WWII soldier photographs from the Eastern Front]
*Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Current Intelligence. [http://www.foia.cia.gov/CPE/CAESAR/caesar-02.pdf ''Death of Stalin''] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120308124314/http://www.foia.cia.gov/CPE/CAESAR/caesar-02.pdf |date=2012-03-08 }}, 16&nbsp;July 1953.
*[http://www.distributedrepublic.net/archives/2006/05/01/how-many-did-stalin-really-murder/ How Many Did Stalin Really Murder?] by Professor [[R.J. Rummel]]
*[http://www.hoover.org/publications/digest/3058571.html Death of the Butcher] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080421014622/http://www.hoover.org/publications/digest/3058571.html |date=2008-04-21 }} by [[Hoover Institution|Hoover]] fellow [[Arnold Beichman]]
*[http://archive.southcoasttoday.com/daily/11-97/11-23-97/a02wn012.htm A secret revealed: Stalin's police killed Americans] (1997 [[Associated Press]] article)
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IkCXtMHCUTc Stalin giving a speech] in Russian with English subtitles
*[http://www.ditext.com/conquest/harvest.html ''The Harvest of Sorrow: Soviet Collectivization and the Terror-Famine'' (1986)]
*[http://www.nybooks.com/blogs/nyrblog/2011/jan/27/hitler-vs-stalin-who-was-worse/ Hitler vs. Stalin: Who Was Worse?] by [[Timothy Snyder]]
*[http://www.booknotes.org/Watch/182346-1/Simon+Sebag+Montefiore.aspx Part One ''Booknotes'' interview with Simon Sebag Montefiore on ''Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar'', 20 June 2004.] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120406071657/http://www.booknotes.org/Watch/182346-1/Simon+Sebag+Montefiore.aspx |date=6 April 2012 }}
**[http://www.booknotes.org/Watch/182346-2/Simon+Sebag+Montefiore.aspx Part Two of ''Booknotes'' interview with Montefiore, 27 June 2004.] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120406071702/http://www.booknotes.org/Watch/182346-2/Simon+Sebag+Montefiore.aspx |date=6 April 2012 }}
{{Refend}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Stalin, Joseph}}

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