↑ 1.01.1Miller, P.J. (1986) Gobiidae., p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2003) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2003., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2003.
↑ 3.03.13.23.33.4Miller, P.J. (1990) Gobiidae., p. 925-951. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon, SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.