↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2001) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of December 2001., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in December 2001.
↑ 3.03.13.2Eccles, D.H. and E. Trewavas (1989) Malawian cichlid fishes: the classification of some haplochromine genera., Lake Fish Movies, West Germany.
↑Maréchal, C. (1991) Protomelas., p. 387-393. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4.