↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2004) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of January 2004., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in January 2004.
↑Jordan, D.S. and B.W. Evermann (1896) The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the isthmus of Panama. Part I., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 47:1-1240.
↑Jordan, D.S., B.W. Evermann and H.W. Clark (1930) Check list of the fishes and fishlike vertebrates of North and Middle America., Reprint Appendix X to Rep. U.S. Comm. Fish. (1928), 670 p.
↑Miller, R.R. (1952) Bait fishes of the lower Colorado River from Lake Mead, Nevada, to Yuma, Arizona, with a key for their identification., Calif. Fish Game 38(1):7-42.
↑Girard, C.F. (1857) Researches upon the cyprinoid species inhabiting the fresh waters of the United States west of the Mississippi valley, from specimens in the museum of the Smithsonian Institution., Proc. Acad. Natur. Sci. Philad. (1856), 8:165-213.