↑Ferraris, C.J. Jr. (2003) Lepisosteidae (Gars)., p. 29. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.
↑ 2.02.12.2Lee, D.S., S.P. Platania and G.H. Burgess (1983) Atlas of North American freshwater fishes, 1983 supplement., Occasional Papers of the North Carolina Biological Survey no. 1983-6. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, N.C. 67 p.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2000) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of November 2000., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in November 2000.