↑ 2.02.1Compagno, L.J.V. (1999) Checklist of living elasmobranchs., p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. John Hopkins University Press, Maryland.
↑Compagno, L.J.V. (1984) FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes., FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655.
↑ 4.04.14.2Compagno, L.J.V. and V.H. Niem (1998) Carcharhinidae. Requiem sharks., p. 1312-1360. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO, Rome.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2004) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of January 2004., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in January 2004.