↑Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino (1984) The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1., Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text).
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (1996) PISCES., The information in FishBase was derived by comparing FishBase with a preliminary version 2.0 of Eschmeyer's PISCES database, published on the Internet in November 1996, URL: gopher://gopher.calacademy.org:640/7.
↑Myers, R.F. (1991) Micronesian reef fishes., Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.