↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2006) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of April 2006., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in April 2006.
↑ 2.02.12.22.32.42.5Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba (1990) FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date., FAO Fish. Synop. 10 (125). 442 p.
↑ 3.03.1Clemens, W.A. and G.V. Wilby (1961) Fishes of the Pacific coast of Canada., 2nd ed. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada Bull. (68):443 p.