↑ 1.01.11.21.31.4Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba (1990) FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date., FAO Fish. Synop. 10 (125). 442 p.
↑ 2.02.1Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2004) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of January 2004., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in January 2004.
↑Klinkhardt, M.B. (1994) The karyotypic divergence between species of Gadidae (Pisces, Gadiformes)., Cytobios 77(3-11):207-214.