↑ 1.01.11.21.18.104.22.168.7Lachner, E.A. and A. Post (1990) Echeneidae., p. 725-728. In J. C. Quéro, J. C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.
↑ 2.02.1Fricke, R. (1999) Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species., Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. 31:759 p.
↑ 3.03.1Heemstra, P.C. (1986) Echeneidae., p. 662-664. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
↑ 4.04.1Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2001) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of December 2001., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in December 2001.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2000) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of November 2000., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in November 2000.