↑ 1.01.11.21.31.41.5Riehl, R. and H.A. Baensch (1991) Aquarien Atlas. Band. 1., Melle: Mergus, Verlag für Natur- und Heimtierkunde, Germany. 992 p.
↑Eigenmann, R.S. (1912) The freshwater fishes of British Guiana, including a study of the ecological grouping of species, and the relation of the fauna of the plateau to that of the lowlands., Mem. Carneg. Mus. 5:578 p.
↑ 3.03.1McAllister, D.E. (1990) A working list of fishes of the world., Copies available from D.E. McAllister, Canadian Museum of Nature, P.O. Box 3443, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 6P4, Canada. 2661 p. plus 1270 p. Index.
↑Man, S.H. and I.J. Hodgkiss (1981) Hong Kong freshwater fishes., Urban Council, Wishing Printing Company, Hong Kong, 75 p.
↑ 6.06.1Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott (1991) Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada., Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p.