↑ 2.02.1Burgess, W.E. (1989) An atlas of freshwater and marine catfishes. A preliminary survey of the Siluriformes., T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey (USA). 784 p.
↑International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) (1994) 1994 IUCN red list of threatened animals., International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (1998) Catalog of fishes., Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.