↑ 1.001.011.021.031.041.051.061.071.081.091.101.188.8.131.52Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba (1990) FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date., FAO Fish. Synop. 10 (125). 442 p.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2009) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of 2 July 2009., Catalog databases of CAS cited in FishBase (website).