Richard Wagner

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Hi Richard Wagner han 1871

Hi Wilhelm Richard Wagner (Inaleman nga kaluwas: [ˈʁiçaʁt ˈvaɡnɐ]; Mayo 22 1813, Leipzig, AlemanyaPebrero 13 1883, Venesya, Italya) usa nga Aleman nga kompositor, konduktor, direktor hin teatro ngan ensayista o parag-gumalaysay, nga kilalado hin dako tungod han iya mga opera (o "drama hin musika", nga amo an tawag hini ha urhe nga panahon). Nag-iiba hi Wagner tikang hin kadam-an nga iba nga mga harangdon nga mga kompositor hin opera nga diin, hiya amo an nagsurat han scenario ngan han libretto para han iya mga sinurat.

An mga ginkomposo ni Wagner, labi na an mga tikang han iya urhe nga panahon, kilalado tungod hin kontrapunto nga textura, hilarom nga khromatismo, mga harmonya ngan pag-orkestrar, ngan makarit nga paggamit hin mga leitmotif: mga tema ha musika nga gin-pahiunong hin mga ispisipiko nga mga tawohan, mga lugar o mga elemento han istorya. Nanguna hi Wagner hin mga pagpadukwag ha yinaknan ha musika sugad hin extremo nga khromatismo ngan madali-hin-pagbalhin nga mga sentro hin tono, nga naka-dara han pagpadukwag han Europeo nga klasikal nga musika.

Gintransformar ni Wagner an paghunanhuna ha musika pinaagi han iya ideya hin Gesamtkunstwerk ("bug-os nga buhat ha arte"), an sintesis han ngatanan nga kanan siday, visual, musika ngan drama, nga ginpanguna han iya upat-nga-opera nga siklo nga Der Ring des Nibelungen (1876). Agod niya maipasundayag ini nga iya mga sinurat ha iya pag-imahinar, gintukod ni Wagner an iya kalugaringon nga balayan hin opera, an Bayreuth Festspielhaus.

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Mga pagkukuhaan[igliwat | edit source]

Mga buhat nga prosa ni Wagner

  • Wagner, Richard (ed. Dieter Borchmeyer) (1983; in German), Richard Wagner Dichtungen und Schriften, 10 vols. Frankfurt am Main.
  • Wagner, Richard (ed. and tr. Stewart Spencer and Barry Millington) (1987), Selected Letters of Richard Wagner, London: Dent. ISBN 0-460-04643-8; W. W. Norton and Company. ISBN 978-0-393-02500-2.
  • Wagner, Richard (tr. Andrew Gray) (1992), My Life, New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80481-6. Wagner's partly unreliable autobiography, covering his life to 1864, written between 1865 and 1880 and first published privately in German in a small edition between 1870 and 1880. The first (edited) public edition appeared in 1911. Gray's translation is the most comprehensive available.
  • Wagner, Richard, Collected Prose Works (tr. W. Ashton Ellis).
Wagner, Richard (1994c), vol. 1 The Artwork of the Future and Other Works, Lincoln (NE) and London: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-9752-4.
Wagner, Richard (1995d), vol. 2 Opera and Drama, Lincoln (NE) and London: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-9765-3.
Wagner, Richard (1995c), vol. 3 Judaism in Music and Other Essays, Lincoln (NE) and London: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-9766-1.
Wagner, Richard (1995a), vol. 4 Art and Politics, Lincoln (NE) and London: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-9774-6.
Wagner, Richard (1995b), vol. 5 Actors and Singers, Lincoln (NE) and London: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-9773-9.
Wagner, Richard (1994a), vol. 6 Religion and Art, Lincoln (NE) and London: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-9764-7.
Wagner, Richard (1994b), vol. 7 Pilgrimage to Beethoven and Other Essays, Lincoln (NE) and London: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-9763-0.
Wagner, Richard (1995e), vol. 8 Jesus of Nazareth and Other Writings, Lincoln (NE) and London: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-9780-7.

Iba nga pagkukuhaan

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  • Beckett, Lucy (1981), Richard Wagner: Parsifal, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-29662-5.
  • Borchmeyer, Dieter (2003), Drama and the World of Richard Wagner, Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-11497-2.
  • Bruen, Hanan (1993), "Wagner in Israel: A conflict among Aesthetic, Historical, Psychological and Social Considerations", Journal of Aesthetic Education, vol. 27, no. 1 (Spring 1993), 99–103.
  • Burbidge, Peter and Sutton, Richard (eds.) (1979), The Wagner Companion, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-29657-1.
  • Burk, John N. (1950), Letters of Richard Wagner: The Burrell Collection, New York: The Macmillan Company. ISBN 978-0-8443-0031-3.
  • Calico, Joy Haslam (2002), Batakan:"'Für eine neue deutsche NationaloperBatakan:'", in Applegate (2002), 190–204.
  • Carr, Jonathan (2007), The Wagner Clan, London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-20790-9.
  • Conway, David (2002), Batakan:"'A Vulture is Almost an Eagle' ... The Jewishness of Richard Wagner", Jewry in Music website, accessed 23 November 2012.
  • Conway, David (2012), Jewry in Music: Entry to the Profession from the Enlightenment to Richard Wagner, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-01538-8.
  • Cormack, David (2005), Batakan:"'Wir welken und sterben dahinnen': Carrie Pringle and the Solo Flowermaidens of 1882" in The Musical Times, vol. 146, no. 1890, 16–31.
  • Dahlhaus, Carl (tr. Mary Whittall) (1979), Richard Wagner's Music Dramas, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-22397-3.
  • Dahlhaus, Carl (1995), "Wagner: (Wilhelm) Richard Wagner", in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, London: Macmillan, vol. 20, 115–36. ISBN 0-333-23111-2.
  • Daverio, John (2008), "Tristan und Isolde: essence and appearance", in Grey (2008), 115–33.
  • Deathridge, John (1984), The New Grove Wagner, London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-36065-6.
  • Deathridge, John (1982), "An Introduction to The Flying Dutchman", in John, Nicholas (ed.), English National Opera/The Royal Opera House Opera Guide 12: Der Fliegende Holländer/The Flying Dutchman, London: John Calder. ISBN 0-7145-3920-1, 13–26.
  • Deathridge, John (2008), Wagner Beyond Good and Evil, Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-25453-4.
  • Donington, Robert (1979), Wagner's Ring and its Symbols, London: Faber Paperbacks. ISBN 0-571-04818-8.
  • Everett, Derrick (2008), "Wagner, Gobineau and Parsifal: Gobineau as the inspiration for Parsifal", http://www.monsalvat.no, version of 26 June 2008, accessed 27 July 2010.
  • Faber Music News (2007), Autumn 2007 edition.
  • Fackler, Guido (tr. Peter Logan) (2007), "Music in Concentration Camps 1933–1945", Music and Politics, vol. 1, no. 1 (Winter 2007).
  • Field, Geoffrey G. (1981), Evangelist of Race: The Germanic Vision of Houston Stewart Chamberlain, New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04860-6.
  • François-Sappey, Brigitte (ed.) (1991), Charles Valentin Alkan, Paris: Fayard. ISBN 2-213-02779-X.
  • de La Grange, Henri-Louis (1973), Mahler: Volume One, London: Victor Gollancz. ISBN 0-575-01672-8.
  • Grant, John (1999), "Excalibur: US movie", in John Clute & John Grant (eds.) The Encyclopedia of Fantasy, Orbit, 324. ISBN 1-85723-893-1.
  • Gregor-Dellin, Martin (1983), Richard Wagner—His Life, His Work, His Century, New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich. ISBN 978-0-15-177151-6.
  • Grey, Thomas S. (2002), "Wagner's Die Meistersinger as National Opera (1868–1945)", in Applegate (2002), 78–104.
  • Grey, Thomas S. (ed.) (2008), The Cambridge Companion to Wagner, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-64439-6.
  • Gutman, Robert W. (1990), Wagner—The Man, His Mind and His Music, Orlando: Harvest Books. ISBN 978-0-15-677615-8.
  • Hilmes, Oliver (2011), Cosima Wagner: The Lady of Bayreuth, New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-17090-0.
  • Horton, Paul C. (1999), "Review of Psychoanalytic Explorations in Music: Second Series" (ed. Stuart Feder), American Journal of Psychiatry vol. 156, 1109–10, July 1999, accessed 8 July 2010.
  • Joe, Jeongwon (2010). "Why Wagner and Cinema? Tolkien was wrong" in Jeongwon Joe, Sander L. Gilman (eds.), Wagner and Cinema. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-22163-6.
  • John, Eckhardt (2004; in French), "La musique dans la système concentrationnaire nazi", in Le troisième Reich et la musique (ed. Pascal Huynh), Paris: Fayard, 219–28. ISBN 2-213-62135-7.
  • Kaes, Anton (1989). From Hitler to Heimat: The Return of History as Film. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0674324565
  • Karlsson, Jonas (2012), Batakan:"'In that hour it began'? Hitler, Rienzi, and the Trustworthiness of August Kubizek's The Young Hitler I Knew", The Wagner Journal, vol. 6, no. 2, ISSN 1755-0173, 33–47.
  • Katz, Jacob (1986), The Darker Side of Genius: Richard Wagner's Anti-Semitism, Hanover and London: Brandeis. ISBN 0-87451-368-5.
  • Kennedy, Michael (1980), The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-311320-6.
  • Kienzle, Ulrike (2005), "Parsifal and Religion: A Christian Music Drama?", in William Kinderman and Katherine Rae Syer (ed.), A Companion To Wagner's Parsifal, Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 81–132. ISBN 978-1-57113-457-8. Also available on Google Books, accessed 27 January 2013.
  • Lee, M. Owen (1998), Wagner: The Terrible Man and His Truthful Art, Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-4721-2.
  • Lockspeiser, Edward (1978), Debussy, his Life and Mind: Volume 1, 1862–1902 (2nd edition), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-22053-X.
  • Long, Michael (2008), Beautiful monsters: imagining the classic in musical media, Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-25720-0.
  • Magee, Bryan (1988), Aspects of Wagner, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-284012-7.
  • Magee, Bryan (2000), Wagner and Philosophy, London: Allen Lane. ISBN 978-0-7139-9480-3.
  • Marek, George R. (1981), Cosima Wagner, London: Julia MacRae Books. ISBN 978-0-86203-120-6.
  • Martin, T. P. (1992), Joyce and Wagner: A Study in Influence, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-39487-1.
  • McClatchie, Stephen (2008), "Performing Germany in Wagner's Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg", in Grey (2008), 134–50.
  • Michotte, Edmond (ed. and tr. Herbert Weinstock) (1968), Richard Wagner's Visit to Rossini (Paris 1860): and an Evening at Rossini's in Beau-Sejour (Passy) 1858, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-52442-6.
  • Millington, Barry (ed.) (2001), The Wagner Compendium: A Guide to Wagner's Life and Music (revised edition), London: Thames and Hudson Ltd. ISBN 0-02-871359-1.
  • Millington, Barry (2008), "Der Ring des Nibelungen: conception and interpretation", in Grey (2008), 74–84.
  • Millington, Barry (undated a), "Wesendonck, Mathilde", in Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online (subscription only, accessed 20 July 2010).
  • Millington, Barry (undated b), "Walküre, Die", in The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, Stanley Sadie (ed.). Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online (subscription only, accessed 23 July 2010).
  • Millington, Barry (undated c), "Meistersinger von Nürnberg, Die", in The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, Stanley Sadie (ed.). Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online (subscription only, accessed 23 July 2010).
  • Millington, Barry (undated d), "Parsifal", in The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, Stanley Sadie (ed.). Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online (subscription only, accessed 23 July 2010).
  • Nattiez, Jean-Jacques (tr. Stewart Spencer) (1993). Wagner Androgyne: A Study in Interpretation", Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-04832-1.
  • Naumann, Emil (1876; in German), Italienische Tondichter, von Palestrina bis auf die Gegenwart, Berlin: R. Oppenheim. OCLC 12378618.
  • Newman, Ernest (1976), The Life of Richard Wagner, 4 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-685-14824-2. The classic biography, superseded in places by newer research but still full of many valuable insights.
  • Nietzsche, Friedrich (tr. Walter Kaufmann) (1967), "The Case of Wagner", in Nietzsche (tr. Kaufmann) The Birth of Tragedy and The Case of Wagner, Random House. ISBN 0-394-70369-3.
  • Nietzsche, Friedrich, (tr. Ian Johnston) (2009), On the Genealogy of Morals – A Polemical Tract, accessed 14 March 2014.
  • Overvold, Liselotte Z. (1976), "Wagner's American Centennial March: Genesis and Reception", Monatshefte (University of Wisconsin), vol. 68, no. 2 (Summer 1976), 179–87. JSTOR 30156682.
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Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | edit source]

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