Tikang ha Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Rex Francorum (King of the Franks)
Rex Longobardorum (
King of the Lombards)
Imperator Romanorum (
Emperor of the Romans)
Charlemagne denier Mayence 812 814.jpg
A coin of Charlemagne with the inscription KAROLVS IMP AVG ("Carolus Imperator Augustus")
Paghadì 768–814
Pagkoronar Noyon, 9 October 768
Pavia, 10 July 774
Rome, 25 December 800
Nag-uná Pepin the Short
Nagsunod Louis the Pious
Natawo 2 April 742 (Unsure)
Namatay 28 January 814 (aged around 71)
Paglubong Aachen Cathedral
Panimalay Carolingian
Amay Pepin the Short
Iroy Bertrada of Laon
Blessed Carolus Magnus
Reliquary of Blessed Charles Augustus
Ginpapahidungog ha Roman Catholic Church (Germany and France)
Nabeato 814, Aachen ni a court bishop, later confirmed by Pope Benedict XIV[1]
Ginkanonisar 1166 ni Antipope Paschal III[1]
Major shrine Aachen Cathedral
Fiesta 28 January (Aachen and Osnabrück)
Attributes Fleur-de-lis; German Eagle
Patronage Lovers (both licit and illicit), schoolchildren, the Kings of France and Germany, men on horseback, men on the scaffold, crusaders

Hi Carlomagno o Charlemagne (ca. 742 o 747 - 28 Enero, 814) amo an naging hadi han mga Franko nga nagpatikang han Baraan nga Imperyo Romano. Ginkoronahan hiya nga imperador ha 800.

Mga kasarigan[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Butler, Alban (1995). Thurston, Herbert J, S.J.; Atwater, Donald. eds. Butler’s Lives of the Saints. Christian Classics. Vol. 1. Allen, Texas: Thomas Moore Publishers. pp. 188–189. ISBN 0-87061-045-7. 

Bibliograpiya[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Charlemagne: Biographies and general studies, from Encyclopædia Britannica, full-article, latest edition.
  • Barbero, Alessandro (2004). Charlemagne: Father of a Continent. trans. Allan Cameron. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-23943-1. 
  • Becher, Matthias (2003). Charlemagne. trans. David S. Bachrach. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-09796-4. 
  • Collins, Roger (1987) [1986]. The Basques. New York: Basil Blackwell Inc. 
  • Collins, Roger (1998). Charlemagne. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. 
  • Collins, Roger (2004). Visigothic Spain, 409-711. History of Spain. Malden, MA; Oxford: Blackwell Pub.. 
  • Douglass, William A; Bilbao, Jon (2005). Amerikanuak: Basques in the New World. The Basque series. Reno; Las Vegas: University of Nevada Press. 
  • Einhard, putative (741-829). Annales Regni Francorum (Annales Laurissenses Maiores). The Latin Library. 
  • Einhard (1999) [1880]. Halsall, Paul. ed. The Life of Charlemagne. trans. Samuel Epes Turner. New York: Harper & Brothers; Medieval Sourcebook, Fordham University. 
  • Ganshof, F. L. (1971). The Carolingians and the Frankish Monarchy: Studies in Carolingian History. trans. Janet Sondheimer. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-0635-8. 
  • James, David; Ibn al-Qūṭiyya (2009). Early Islamic Spain: The History of Ibn al-Qūṭiyya: a study of the unique Arabic manuscript in the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, with a translation, notes and comments. London and New York: Routledge. 
  • Langston, Aileen Lewers; and J. Orton Buck, Jr (eds.) (1974). Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co.. 
  • McKitterick, R. (2008). Charlemagne: The Formation of a European Identity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Molina Figueras, Joan (2004). "Arnau de Montrodon y la catedral de San Carlomagno: sobre la imagen y el culto al emperador carolingio en Gerona". Anuario de Estudios Medievales (ha Spanish). 34 (1): 417–454.
  • Oman, Charles (1914). The Dark Ages, 476–918 (6th ed. ed.). London: Rivingtons. 
  • Painter, Sidney (1953). A History of the Middle Ages, 284-1500. New York: Knopf. 
  • Pirenne, Henri (2001) [1937 posthumous]. Mohammed and Charlemagne (Dover ed.). Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications. 
  • Riché, Pierre (1993). The Carolingians: A Family Who Forged Europe. Middle Ages Series. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1342-4. 
  • Russell, Charles Edward (1930). Charlemagne, first of the moderns. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.. 
  • Santosuosso, Antonio (2004). Barbarians, Marauders, and Infidels: The Ways of Medieval Warfare. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-9153-9. 
  • Scholz, Bernhard Walter; with Barbara Rogers (1970). Carolingian Chronicles: Royal Frankish Annals and Nithard's Histories. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-08790-8.  Comprises the Annales regni Francorum and The History of the Sons of Louis the Pious
  • Sypeck, Jeff (2006). Becoming Charlemagne: Europe, Baghdad, and The Empires of A.D. 800. New York: Ecco/HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-079706-1. 
  • Tierney, Brian (1964). The Crisis of Church and State 1050–1300. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-6701-8. 
  • Wilson, Derek (2005). Charlemagne: The Great Adventure. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 0-09-179461-7. 

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]