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Charles de Gaulle

Tikang ha Wikipedia
Charles de Gaulle
Mangulo han Republika Fransesa
Igkasi-Prinsipe han Andorra
Ha puwesto
8 Enero 1959 – 28 Abril 1969
Primer Ministro Michel Debré (1959–1961)
Georges Pompidou (1962–1968)
Maurice Couve de Murville (1968–1969)
Gin-unahan ni René Coty
Ginsundan ni Alain Poher (interim)
Georges Pompidou
Mangulo han Mga Kusog nga Gawasnon nga Franses
Ha puwesto
18 Hunyo 1940 – 3 Hulyo 1944
Gin-unahan ni Ikatulo nga Republika Fransesa
Ginsundan ni Kagamhanan nga Probisyonal han Republika Fransesa
Mangulo han Kagamhanan nga Probisyonal han Republika Fransesa
Ha puwesto
20 Agosto 1944 – 20 Enero 1946
Gin-unahan ni Philippe Pétain
(komo hefe han estado han Vichy nga Fransya)

Pierre Laval (komo hefe han kagamhanan)
Ginsundan ni Félix Gouin
Primer Ministro han Fransya
Ha puwesto
1 Hunyo 1958 – 8 Enero 1959
Mangulo René Coty
Gin-unahan ni Pierre Pflimlin
Ginsundan ni Michel Debré
Ministro han Depensa
Ha puwesto
1 Hunyo 1958 – 8 Enero 1959
Mangulo René Coty
Primer Ministro Charles de Gaulle
Gin-unahan ni Pierre de Chevigné
Ginsundan ni Pierre Guillaumat
Personal nga mga detalye
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle

22 Nobyembre 1890(1890-11-22)
Lille, Fransya
Namatay 9 Nobyembre 1970 (edad 79)
Colombey-les-Deux-Églises, Fransya
Partido nga politikanhon Rally han Franses nga Katawhan (1947–1955)
Unyon para han bag-o nga Republika (1958–1968)
Unyon hin mga Demokrata para han Republika (1968–1970)
(Mga) Asawa Yvonne de Gaulle
Mga anak Philippe
Okupasyon Militar
Serbisyo militar
Allegiance Franses nga Kusog Armado,
Kusog nga Gawasnon nga Franses
Sangá/serbisyo Franses nga Army
Mga tuig hin serbisyo 1912-1944
Ranggo Brigadier nga heneral
Unit Infantry
Mga Command Manguna han Gawasnon nga Franses
Mga pag-awayan/mga gera Pag-awayan han Verdun, Pag-awayan han Somme, Pag-awayan han Fransya, Pag-awayan han Dakar

Hi Charles-André-Joseph-Marie de Gaulle (Nobyembre 22, 1890 - Nobyembre 9, 1970) usá nga Franses nga opisyal han army ngan tawo-ha-estado nga nanguna han Gawasnon nga Franses nga mga Pwersa patok han Nazi nga Alemanya ha Ikaduha nga Gyera Pankalibotan ngan nangulo han Probisyona nga Kagamhanan han Republika Fransesa tikang han 1944 kutob 1946 basi mahibalik an demokrasya ha Fransya. Han 1958 ha butnga han Gyera Algerya, binalik hiya tikang hin pagretiro han paghimo ha iya nga Primer Ministro ni Mangulo René Coty. Gin-otro pagsurat niya an Konstitusyon han Fransya ngan gintukod and Ikalima nga Republika katapos han pag-aprobahan ini hin referendum. Napili hiyá nga Mangulo han Fransya ha urhe nga bahin hadto nga tuig, nga diin iya ginkaptan ini kutob han iya pagbiya hin puwesto han 1969.

Pinanbasaran[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

Padugang nga barasahon[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

Biographies[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Cogan, Charles. Charles de Gaulle: A Brief Biography with Documents. (1995). 243 pp.
  • Crawley, Aidan (1969). De Gaulle. London: The Literary Guild. 
  • Fenby, Jonathan. The General: Charles de Gaulle and The France He Saved (2010)
  • Lacouture, Jean. De Gaulle: The Rebel 1890–1944 (1984; English ed. 1991), 640pp; excerpt and text search; vol 2. De Gaulle: The Ruler 1945–1970 (1993), 700pp, The standard scholarly biography,
  • Ledwidge, Bernard (1982). De Gaulle. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-77952-4. 
  • Shennan, Andrew. De Gaulle (1993) 200pp
  • Williams, Charles. The Last Great Frenchman: A Life of General De Gaulle (1997), 560pp excerpt and text search

Politics[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Berstein, Serge, and Peter Morris. The Republic of de Gaulle 1958–1969 (The Cambridge History of Modern France) (2006) excerpt and text search
  • Cameron, David R. and Hofferbert, Richard I. "Continuity and Change in Gaullism: the General's Legacy." American Journal of Political Science 1973 17(1): 77–98. Issn: 0092-5853, a statistcial analysis of the Gaullist voting coalition in elections 1958–73 Fulltext: Abstract in Jstor
  • Cogan, Charles G. "The Break-up: General de Gaulle's Separation from Power," Journal of Contemporary History Vol. 27, No. 1 (Jan. 1992), pp. 167–199, re: 1969 in JSTOR
  • Furniss,Edgar J., Jr. De Gaulle and the French Army. (1964)
  • Gough, Hugh and Horne, John, eds. De Gaulle and Twentieth-Century France. (1994). 158 pp. essays by experts
  • Hauss, Charles. Politics in Gaullist France: Coping with Chaos (1991) online edition
  • Hoffmann, Stanley. Decline or Renewal? France since the 1930s (1974) online edition
  • Jackson, Julian. "General de Gaulle and His Enemies: Anti-Gaullism in France Since 1940," Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 6th Ser., Vol. 9 (1999), pp. 43–65 in JSTOR
  • Merom, Gil. "A 'Grand Design'? Charles de Gaulle and the End of the Algerian War," Armed Forces & Society(1999) 25#2 pp: 267-287 online
  • Nester, William R. De Gaulle’s Legacy: The Art of Power in France’s Fifth Republic (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014)
  • Northcutt, Wayne. Historical Dictionary of the French Fourth and Fifth Republics, 1946–1991 (1992)
  • Pierce, Roy, "De Gaulle and the RPF—A Post-Mortem," The Journal of Politics Vol. 16, No. 1 (Feb. 1954), pp. 96–119 in JSTOR
  • Rioux, Jean-Pierre, and Godfrey Rogers. The Fourth Republic, 1944–1958 (The Cambridge History of Modern France) (1989)
  • Shepard, Todd. The Invention of Decolonization: The Algerian War and the Remaking of France. (2006). 288 pp.
  • Williams, Philip M. and Martin Harrison. De Gaulle's Republic (1965) online edition Ginhipos 2011-06-28 han Wayback Machine

Foreign policy[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Bozo, Frédéric. Two Strategies for Europe: De Gaulle, the United States and the Atlantic Alliance (2000)
  • Cogan, Charles G. Oldest Allies, Guarded Friends: The United States and France since 1940 (Greenwood, 1994)
  • Costigliola, Frank. France and the United States: The Cold Alliance since World War II (1992)
  • Gordon, Philip H. A Certain Idea of France: French Security Policy and the Gaullist Legacy (1993) online edition
  • Grosser, Alfred. French foreign policy under De Gaulle (Greenwood Press, 1977)
  • Karnow, Stanley (1983) Vietnam: A History. New York: Viking ISBN 0140265473
  • Kolodziej, Edward A. French International Policy under de Gaulle and Pompidou: The Politics of Grandeur (1974) online edition
  • Logevall, Fredrik. "De Gaulle, Neutralization, and American Involvement in Vietnam, 1963–1964," The Pacific Historical Review Vol. 61, No. 1 (Feb. 1992), pp. 69–102 in JSTOR
  • Mahan, E. Kennedy, De Gaulle and Western Europe. (2002). 229 pp.
  • Mangold, Peter. The Almost Impossible Ally: Harold Macmillan and Charles de Gaulle. (2006). 275 pp.
  • Martin, Garret Joseph. General de Gaulle's Cold War: Challenging American Hegemony, 1963–1968 (Berghahn Books; 2013) 272 pages
  • Moravcsik, Andrew. "Charles de Gaulle and Europe: The New Revisionism." Journal of Cold War Studies (2012) 14#1 pp: 53–77.
  • Nuenlist, Christian. Globalizing de Gaulle: International Perspectives on French Foreign Policies, 1958–1969 (2010)
  • Newhouse, John. De Gaulle and the Anglo-Saxons (New York: Viking Press, 1970)
  • Paxton, Robert O. and Wahl, Nicholas, eds. De Gaulle and the United States: A Centennial Reassessment. (1994). 433 pp.
  • White, Dorothy Shipley. Black Africa and de Gaulle: From the French Empire to Independence. (1979). 314 pp.

Ideas and memory[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Cerny, Philip G. The Politics of Grandeur: Ideological Aspects of de Gaulle's Foreign Policy. (1980). 319 pp.
  • Clague, Monique. "Conceptions of Leadership: Charles de Gaulle and Max Weber," Political Theory Vol. 3, No. 4 (Nov. 1975), pp. 423–440 in JSTOR
  • Converse, Philip E., et al. De Gaulle and Eisenhower: The public image of the victorious general (1961), public opinion pols in US and France
  • Hoffmann, Stanley. "The Hero as History: De Gaulle's War Memoirs" in Hoffman Decline or Renewal? France since the 1930s (1974) pp 187–201 online edition
  • Johnson, Douglas. "The Political Principles of General de Gaulle," International Affairs Vol. 41, No. 4 (Oct. 1965), pp. 650–662 in JSTOR
  • Mahoney, Daniel J. De Gaulle: Statesmanship, Grandeur, and Modern Democracy. (1996). 188 pp. intellectual history
  • Mahoney, Daniel J. "A 'Man of Character': The Statesmanship of Charles de Gaulle," Polity Vol. 27, No. 1 (Autumn 1994), pp. 157–173 in JSTOR
  • Morrisey, Will. "Reflections on De Gaulle: Political Founding in Modernity." (2002). 266 pp. intellectual history
  • Pedley, Alan. As Mighty as the Sword: A Study of the Writings of Charles de Gaulle (1996) 226pp

World War II[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Berthon, Simon. Allies at War: The Bitter Rivalry among Churchill, Roosevelt, and de Gaulle. (2001). 356 pp.
  • Breuer, William B. (2008). Unexplained Mysteries of World War II (2008 ed.). Book Sales, Inc. ISBN 9780785822530.  - Total pages: 238
  • Funk, Arthur Layton. Charles de Gaulle: The Crucial Years, 1943–1944 (1959) online edition Ginhipos 2011-06-28 han Wayback Machine
  • Keegan, John (1994) [1982] Six Armies in Normandy: From D-Day to the Liberation of Paris . New York: Penguin Books, ISBN 0140235426
  • Kersaudy, Francois. Churchill and De Gaulle (2nd ed 1990) 482pp

Mga reperensya[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Aussaresses, General Paul (2010). The Battle of the Casbah: Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in Algeria, 1955–1957. New York: Enigma Books, ISBN 978-1-929631-30-8.
  • Crawley, Aidan (1969). De Gaulle. London: The Literary Guild. 

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]