↑ 1.01.11.21.31.4Fritzsche, R.A. (1990) Fistulariidae., p. 654-655. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2006) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of April 2006., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in April 2006.