Genghis Khan

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Genghis Khan
Supremo nga Khan han mga Mongol
YuanEmperorAlbumGenghisPortrait.jpg
Paghadì Spring 1206 – August 1227
Pagkoronar Spring 1206 in khurultai at the Onon River, Mongolia
Nagsunod Ögedei Khan
Natawo probably 1162[1]
Khentii Mountains, Mongolia
Namatay August 1227[2] (aged 65)
Anak Jochi
Chagatai
Ögedei
Tolui
Others
Bug-os nga ngaran
Cinggis qagan.svg
Genghis Khan
Mongol: Чингис хаан
Chinggis Khaan
Mongol script (right):
Chinggis Khagan[note 1]
Panimalay Borjigin
Amay Yesügei
Iroy Oulen

Hi Genghis Khan (c. 1155/1162/1167 - Agosto 18, 1227) nga natawo ha ngaran nga Temujin usa nga makarit nga pinuno han militar nga ginurusa an mga Mongol nga tribu ngan hiya an nagtukod han Imperyo Mongol. An mga khan, nga nagsunod ha iya, ginhimo an Mongolia nga gidadako-i nga imperyo ha kalibutan.

Hi Genghis Khan amo an lolo ni Kublai Khan, nga naging siyahan nga emperador han Dinastiya Yuan han Tsina. Hasta yana waray maaram kun ngain ginlubong hi Genghis Khan.

Mga kasarigan[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  1. Tsinino: 成吉思汗; pinyin: Chéng Jí Sī Hán
    Birth name:
    Temujin /təˈmɪn/;
    Minonggol: Тэмүжин Temujin IPA[tʰemutʃiŋ];
    Middle Mongolian: [Temujin] error: [undefined] error: {{lang}}: no text (help): text has italic markup (help);[3]
    minat-an nga Tsinino: 鐵木真; ginyano nga Tsinino: 铁木真; pinyin: Tiě mù zhēn
  1. Rashid al-Din asserts that Genghis Khan was born in 1155, while the Yuanshi (元史, History of the Yuan dynasty records his year of birth as 1162. According to Ratchnevsky, accepting a birth in 1155 would render Genghis Khan a father at the age of 30 and would imply that he personally commanded the expedition against the Tanguts at the age of 72. Also, according to the Altan Tobci, Genghis Khan's sister, Temülin, was nine years younger than he; but the Secret History relates that Temülin was an infant during the attack by the Merkits, during which Genghis Khan would have been 18, had he been born in 1155. Zhao Hong reports in his travelogue that the Mongols he questioned did not know and had never known their ages.
  2. Ratchnevsky, Paul (1991). Genghis Khan: His Life and Legacy. Blackwell Publishing. p. 142. ISBN 0-631-16785-4. "It is possible, however, to say with certainty that Genghis Khan died in August 1227; only in specifying the actual day of his death do our sources disagree." 
  3. Central Asiatic Journal. O. Harrassowitz. 5: 239. 1959 http://books.google.com/books?id=PjjjAAAAMAAJ. Ginkuhà July 29, 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)

Mga reperensya[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Ratchnevsky, Paul (1992, c1991). Genghis Khan: His Life and Legacy [Čingis-Khan: sein Leben und Wirken]. tr. & ed. Thomas Nivison Haining. Oxford, UK; Cambridge, Mass., US: B. Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-16785-4. 
  • Man, John (2004). Genghis Khan: Life, Death and Resurrection. Bantam Press, London. ISBN 978-0-553-81498-9.

Dugang nga barasahon[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Brent, Peter (1976). The Mongol Empire: Genghis Khan: His Triumph and His Legacy. London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson. ISBN 0-297-77137-X. 
  • Bretschneider, Emilii (1888, repr. 2001). Mediæval Researches from Eastern Asiatic Sources; Fragments Towards the Knowledge of the Geography & History of Central & Western Asia. Trübner's Oriental Series. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co (repr. Munshirm Manoharlal Pub Pvt Ltd). ISBN 81-215-1003-1. 
  • Cable, Mildred; Francesca French (1943). The Gobi Desert. London: Landsborough Publications. 
  • Chapin, David (2012). Long Lines: Ten of the World's Longest Continuous Family Lineages. College Station, Texas: VirtualBookWorm.com. ISBN 978-1-60264-933. 
  • Charney, Israel W. (ed.) (1994). Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review. New York: Facts on File Publications. 
  • De Hartog, Leo (1988). Genghis Khan: Conqueror of the World. London: I.B. Tauris & Co. Ltd.. 
  • (Frinanses) Farale, Dominique (2002). De Gengis Khan à Qoubilaï Khan : la grande chevauchée mongole. Campagnes & stratégies. Paris: Economica. ISBN 2-7178-4537-2. 
  • (Frinanses) Farale, Dominique (2007). La Russie et les Turco-Mongols : 15 siècles de guerre. Paris: Economica. ISBN 978-2-7178-5429-9. 
  • "Genghis Khan". Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia. World Almanac Education Group. 2005. Ginhipos tikang han orihinal han January 13, 2006. Ginkuhà May 22, 2008. Via the Internet Archive's copy of the History Channel Web site.
  • Smitha, Frank E. "Genghis Khan and the Mongols". Macrohistory and World Report. Ginkuhà June 30, 2005.
  • Kahn, Paul (adaptor) (1998). Secret History of the Mongols: The Origin of Chingis Khan (expanded edition): An Adaptation of the Yüan chʾao pi shih, Based Primarily on the English Translation by Francis Woodman Cleaves. Asian Culture Series. Boston: Cheng & Tsui Co.. ISBN 0-88727-299-1. 
  • Kennedy, Hugh (2002). Mongols, Huns & Vikings. London: Cassell. ISBN 0-304-35292-6. 
  • Kradin, Nikolay; Tatiana Skrynnikova (2006). Imperiia Chingis-khana (Chinggis Khan Empire). Moscow: Vostochnaia literatura. ISBN 5-02-018521-3.  (Rinuso) (summary in English)
  • Kradin, Nikolay (2006). "Why do we call Chinggis Khan's Polity 'an Empire'". Ab Imperio. 7 (1): 89–118. 5-89423-110-8. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  • Lamb, Harold (1927). Genghis Khan: The Emperor of All Men. New York: R. M. McBride & company. http://archive.org/details/genghiskhantheem035122mbp. 
  • Lister, R. P. (2000 [c1969]). Genghis Khan. Lanham, Maryland: Cooper Square Press. ISBN 0-8154-1052-2. 
  • Man, John (2004). Genghis Khan: Life, Death and Resurrection. London; New York: Bantam Press. ISBN 0-593-05044-4. 
  • Man, John (1997, 1998, 1999). Gobi: Tracking the Desert. London; New Haven, Conn: Weidenfeld & Nicolson; Yale University Press. ISBN 0-7538-0161-2. 
  • Martin, Henry Desmond (1950). The Rise of Chingis Khan and his Conquest of North China. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press. 
  • May, Timothy (2001). "Mongol Arms". Explorations in Empire: Pre-Modern Imperialism Tutorial: The Mongols. San Antonio College History Department. Ginkuhà May 22, 2008.
  • Morgan, David (1986). The Mongols. The Peoples of Europe. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0-631-17563-6. 
  • Saunders, J.J. (1972, repr. 2001). History of the Mongol Conquests. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1766-7. 
  • Stevens, Keith. "Heirs to Discord: The Supratribal Aspirations of Jamukha, Toghrul, and Temüjin"PDF (72.1 KB) Retrieved May 22, 2008.
  • Stewart, Stanley (2001). In the Empire of Genghis Khan: A Journey among Nomads. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-653027-3. 
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2003). Genghis Khan & the Mongol Conquests 1190–1400. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-523-6. 
  • Valentino, Benjamin A. (2004). Final Solutions: Mass Killing and Genocide in the Twentieth Century. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-3965-5. 
  • Weatherford, Jack (2004). Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World (review). New York: Crown. ISBN 0-609-61062-7. 
  • Zerjal, Xue, Bertorelle, Wells, Bao, Zhu, Qamar, Ayub, Mohyuddin, Fu, Li, Yuldasheva, Ruzibakiev, Xu, Shu, Du, Yang, Hurles, Robinson, Gerelsaikhan, Dashnyam, Mehdi, Tyler-Smith (2003). "The Genetic Legacy of the Mongols" ( – Scholar search). The American Journal of Human Genetics. 72 (3): 717–721, . doi:10.1086/367774. PMC 1180246. PMID 12592608.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)[dead link]

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