↑ 2.02.12.22.3Fowler, H.W. (1941) The fishes of the groups Elasmobranchii, Holocephali, Isospondyli, and Ostariophysi obtained by US Bureau of Fishing Steamer ALBATROSS in 1907 to 1910, chiefly in the Philippine Islands and adjacent seas., Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus. 100(13):879 p.
↑Compagno, L.J.V. (1984) FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes., FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2003) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2003., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2003.
↑Compagno, L.J.V. (2001) Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes)., FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 2001. 269p.
↑Compagno, L.J.V. (1999) Checklist of living elasmobranchs., p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland.