Isaac Newton

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Sir Isaac Newton
Portrait of man in black with shoulder-length, wavy brown hair, a large sharp nose, and a distracted gaze
Godfrey Kneller's 1689 portrait of Isaac Newton
(age 46)
Natawo 25 Disyembre 1642(1642-12-25)
[NS: 4 Enero 1643][1]
Lincolnshire, England
Namatay 20 Marso 1727 (edad 84)
[NS: 31 Marso 1727][1]
Kensington, Middlesex, England
Taga England
Nasodhanon English
Mga larangan Physics, mathematics, astronomy, natural philosophy, alchemy, Christian theology
Mga instituto University of Cambridge
Royal Society
Royal Mint
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge
Academic advisors Isaac Barrow[2]
Benjamin Pulleyn[3][4]
Kilala nga mga tinun-an Roger Cotes
William Whiston
Nakilala mahitungod han Newtonian mechanics
Universal gravitation
Infinitesimal calculus
Binomial series
Newton's method
Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica
Mga naimpluwensyahan Henry More[5]
Polish Brethren[6]
Nakaimpluwensya Nicolas Fatio de Duillier
John Keill
Is. Newton
Mga panuratan
His mother was Hannah Ayscough. His half-niece was Catherine Barton.

Hi Isaac Newton (4 Enero 1643 – 31 Marso 1727) amo hya an usa ka pisiko, matematiko, astronomo, pilosopo naturales, alkemisto, teyolohiyano ngan usa ha may gidadako-i nga impluwensya ha kaagi han katawhan.

Mga kasarigan[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Ipakita an sayop: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named OSNS
  2. Mordechai Feingold, Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edn, May 2007; accessed 24 February 2009; explained further in Mordechai Feingold " Newton, Leibniz, and Barrow Too: An Attempt at a Reinterpretation"; Isis, Vol. 84, No. 2 (June 1993), pp. 310–338
  3. Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Newton, Isaac, n.4
  4. Ipakita an sayop: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named The Newton Handbook
  5. Ipakita an sayop: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named More
  6. Ipakita an sayop: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named heretic

Mga reperensya[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Ball, W.W. Rouse (1908). A Short Account of the History of Mathematics. New York: Dover. ISBN 0-486-20630-0. 
  • Christianson, Gale (1984). In the Presence of the Creator: Isaac Newton & His Times. New York: Free Press. ISBN 0-02-905190-8.  This well documented work provides, in particular, valuable information regarding Newton's knowledge of Patristics
  • Craig, John (1958). "Isaac Newton – Crime Investigator". Nature. 182 (4629): 149–152. Bibcode:1958Natur.182..149C. doi:10.1038/182149a0.
  • Craig, John (1963). "Isaac Newton and the Counterfeiters". Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London. 18 (2): 136–145. doi:10.1098/rsnr.1963.0017.
  • Levenson, Thomas (2010). Newton and the Counterfeiter: The Unknown Detective Career of the World's Greatest Scientist. Mariner Books. ISBN 978-0-547-33604-6. 
  • Stewart, James (2009). Calculus: Concepts and Contexts. Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-0-495-55742-5. 
  • Westfall, Richard S. (1980, 1998). Never at Rest. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-27435-4. 
  • Westfall, Richard S. (2007). Isaac Newton. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-921355-9. 
  • Westfall, Richard S. (1994). The Life of Isaac Newton. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-47737-9. 
  • White, Michael (1997). Isaac Newton: The Last Sorcerer. Fourth Estate Limited. ISBN 1-85702-416-8. 

Dugang nga barasahon[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

Relihiyon[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Dobbs, Betty Jo Tetter. The Janus Faces of Genius: The Role of Alchemy in Newton's Thought. (1991), links the alchemy to Arianism
  • Force, James E., and Richard H. Popkin, eds. Newton and Religion: Context, Nature, and Influence. (1999), 342pp . Pp. xvii + 325. 13 papers by scholars using newly opened manuscripts
  • Ramati, Ayval. "The Hidden Truth of Creation: Newton's Method of Fluxions" British Journal for the History of Science 34: 417–438. in JSTOR, argues that his calculus had a theological basis
  • Snobelen, Stephen "'God of Gods, and Lord of Lords': The Theology of Isaac Newton's General Scholium to the Principia," Osiris, 2nd Series, Vol. 16, (2001), pp. 169–208 in JSTOR
  • Snobelen, Stephen D. (1999). "Isaac Newton, Heretic: The Strategies of a Nicodemite". British Journal for the History of Science. 32 (4): 381–419. doi:10.1017/S0007087499003751. JSTOR 4027945.
  • Pfizenmaier, Thomas C. (1997). "Was Isaac Newton an Arian?". Journal of the History of Ideas. 58 (1): 57–80. JSTOR 3653988. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  • Wiles, Maurice. Archetypal Heresy. Arianism through the Centuries. (1996) 214 pages, with chapter 4 on 18th century England; pp. 77–93 on Newton, excerpt and text search.

Primarya nga kuruhaan[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Newton, Isaac. The Principia: Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. University of California Press, (1999). 974 pp.
    • Brackenridge, J. Bruce. The Key to Newton's Dynamics: The Kepler Problem and the Principia: Containing an English Translation of Sections 1, 2, and 3 of Book One from the First (1687) Edition of Newton's Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. University of California Press, 1996. 299 pp.
  • Newton, Isaac. The Optical Papers of Isaac Newton. Vol. 1: The Optical Lectures, 1670–1672. Cambridge U. Press, 1984. 627 pp.
    • Newton, Isaac. Opticks (4th ed. 1730) online edition
    • Newton, I. (1952). Opticks, or A Treatise of the Reflections, Refractions, Inflections & Colours of Light. New York: Dover Publications.
  • Newton, I. Sir Isaac Newton's Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy and His System of the World, tr. A. Motte, rev. Florian Cajori. Berkeley: University of California Press. (1934).
  • Whiteside, D. T (1967–82). The Mathematical Papers of Isaac Newton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-07740-0.  – 8 volumes.
  • Newton, Isaac. The correspondence of Isaac Newton, ed. H. W. Turnbull and others, 7 vols. (1959–77).
  • Newton's Philosophy of Nature: Selections from His Writings edited by H. S. Thayer, (1953), online edition.
  • Isaac Newton, Sir; J Edleston; Roger Cotes, Correspondence of Sir Isaac Newton and Professor Cotes, including letters of other eminent men, London, John W. Parker, West Strand; Cambridge, John Deighton, 1850 (Google Books).
  • Maclaurin, C. (1748). An Account of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophical Discoveries, in Four Books. London: A. Millar and J. Nourse.
  • Newton, I. (1958). Isaac Newton's Papers and Letters on Natural Philosophy and Related Documents, eds. I. B. Cohen and R. E. Schofield. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Newton, I. (1962). The Unpublished Scientific Papers of Isaac Newton: A Selection from the Portsmouth Collection in the University Library, Cambridge, ed. A. R. Hall and M. B. Hall. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Newton, I. (1975). Isaac Newton's 'Theory of the Moon's Motion' (1702). London: Dawson.

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