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An mga Krusada amo an sagunson nga gintutugotan han relihiyon nga kampanya militar han mga Latin nga Kristiyano nga Europa. An panuyuan han mga krusada amo an pagbawi han Baraan nga katunaan nga ginaragwayan ha harani 200 ka tuig, ha butnga han 1095 ngan 1291.

Pinanbasaran[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

Bibliograpiya[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Asbridge, Thomas (2011). The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land. Ecco. ISBN 978-0-06-078729-5. 
  • Asbridge, Thomas (2005). The First Crusade: A New History: The Roots of Conflict between Christianity and Islam. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-518905-6. 
  • Barber, Malcolm (1992). The Two Cities: Medieval Europe 1050–1320. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-09682-0. 
  • Bernard of Clairvaux (2000). In Praise of the New Knighthood. Cistercian Publications. ISBN 978-0879071202. 
  • Brand, Charles M. (April 1962). "The Byzantines and Saladin, 1185–1192: Opponents of the Third Crusade". Speculum. 37 (2): 167–181. doi:10.2307/2849946. JSTOR 2849946.
  • Bréhier, Louis (1908). "Crusades". Catholic Encyclopedia. 4. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |encyclopedia= (help)
  • Bull, Marcus (1999). "Origins". Ha Riley-Smith, Jonathan (ed.). The Oxford History of the Crusades. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 15–34. ISBN 0-19-280312-3.
  • Cohn, Norman (1970). The pursuit of the Millennium. 
  • Daniel, Norman (1979). The Arabs and Mediaeval Europe. Longman Group Limited. ISBN 0-582-78088-8. 
  • Davies, Norman (1997). Europe – A History. Pimlico. ISBN 0-7126-6633-8. 
  • Dickson, Gary (2008). The Children's Crusade: Medieval History, Modern Mythistory. Palgrave Macmillan. 
  • Edington, Susan B. and Lambert, Sarah (2002). Gendering the Crusades. New York: Columbia University Press. 
  • Esposito, John L.. What Everyone Needs to Know about Islam. 
  • Findley, Carter Vaughan (2005). The Turks in World History. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-516770-8. 
  • Harris, Jonathan (2014), Byzantium and the Crusades, Bloomsbury, 2nd ed. ISBN 978-1-78093-767-0
  • Heng, Geraldine (2004). Empire of Magic: Medieval Romance and the Politics of Cultural Fantasy. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12526-7. 
  • Hillenbrand, Carole (1999). The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 
  • Hindley, Geoffrey. The Crusades: Islam and Christianity in the Struggle for World Supremacy. New York: Carrol & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-1344-5. 
  • Hodgson, Natasha (2007). Women, Crusading and the Holy Land in Historical Narrative. Boydell. 
  • Holt, P. M. (1983). "Saladin and His Admirers: A Biographical Reassessment". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 46 (2): 235–239. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00078824. JSTOR 615389.
  • Jackson, Peter (2007). The Seventh Crusade, 1244–1254. 
  • Kahf, Mohja (1999). Western Representations of the Muslim Women: From Termagant to Odalisque. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-74337-3. 
  • Kolbaba, T. M. (2000). The Byzantine Lists: Errors of the Latins. University of Illinois. 
  • Lewis, Richard D. (2005). Finland: Cultural Lone Wolf. Intercultural Press. ISBN 978-1-931930-49-9. 
  • Lock, Peter (2006). Routledge Companion to the Crusades. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-39312-4. 
  • Madden, Thomas F. (2005). The New Concise History of the Crusades. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-7425-3822-1. 
  • Marshall, Christopher (1994). Warfare in the Latin East, 1192-1291. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521477420. 
  • Mayer, Hans Eberhard (1988). The Crusades (Second ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-873097-7. 
  • Munro, Dana Carleton (January 1906). "The Speech of Pope Urban II at Clermont, 1095". American Historical Review. 11 (2): 231–242. doi:10.2307/1834642. JSTOR 1834642.
  • Nelson, Laura N.. The Byzantine Perspective of the First Crusade. 
  • Nicholson, Helen (1997). "Women on the Third Crusade". Journal of Medieval History. 23 (4): 335. doi:10.1016/S0304-4181(97)00013-4.
  • Nicolle, David (2007). Crusader Warfare Volume II: Muslims, Mongols and the Struggle against the Crusades. 
  • Nicolle, David (2003). The First Crusade 1066–99: Conquest of the Holy Land. Campaign. Wellingborough, UK: Osprey. ISBN 1-84176-515-5. 
  • Nicolle, David (2011). The Fourth Crusade 1202–04: The Betrayal of Byzantium. Osprey Publishing. 
  • Pringle, Denys (1999). "Architecture in Latin East". Ha Riley-Smith, Jonathan (ed.). The Oxford History of the Crusades. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 155–175. ISBN 0-19-280312-3.
  • Owen, Roy Douglas Davis (1993). Eleanor of Aquitaine: Queen and Legend. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing. 
  • Retso, Jan (2003). The Arabs in Antiquity: Their History from the Assyrians to the Umayyads. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-7007-1679-1. 
  • Riley-Smith, Jonathan (1973). The Feudal Nobility and the Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1174-1277. Hamden: Archon Books. ISBN 9780208013484. 
  • Riley-Smith, Jonathan (1990). The Atlas of the Crusades. New York: Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2186-4. 
  • Riley-Smith, Jonathan (2005). The Crusades: A Short History (Second ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10128-7. 
  • Riley-Smith, Jonathan (1997). The First Crusaders 1096–1131. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Rose, Karen (2009) "The Order of the Knights Templar"
  • Runciman, Steven (1951). A History of the Crusades: The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades (reprinted 1987 ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • Sinclair, Andrew (1995). Jerusalem: The Endless Crusade. New York: Crown Publishers. 
  • Strayer, Joseph Reese (1992). The Albigensian Crusades. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-06476-2. 
  • Strayer, Joseph R. (1969). "The Crusades of Louis IX". Ha Wolff, R. L. and Hazard, H. W. (ed.). The Later Crusades, 1189–1311. pp. 487–521.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link)
  • Tolan, John Victor (2002). Saracens: Islam in the Medieval European Imagination. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-12333-4. 
  • Tolan, John; Veinstein, Gilles; Henry, Laurens (2013). Europe and the Islamic World: A History.. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-14705-5. 
  • Tyerman, Christopher (1988). England and the Crusades, 1095–1588. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-82013-0. 
  • Tyerman, Christopher (2006). God's War: A New History of the Crusades. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press. ISBN 978-0-674-02387-1. 
  • Vasilʹev, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1952). History of the Byzantine Empire: 324–1453. University of Wisconsin Press. 
  • Villegas-Aristizábal, L. (2009). "Anglo-Norman involvement in the conquest of Tortosa and Settlement of Tortosa, 1148–1180". Crusades (8): 63–129.
  • Wickham, Chris (2009). The Inheritance of Rome: Illuminating the Dark Ages 400–1000. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-311742-1. 
  • Zacour, Norman P. (1969). "The Children's Crusade". Ha Wolff, R. L. and Hazard, H. W. (ed.). The Later Crusades, 1189–1311. pp. 325–342.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link)

Dugang nga barasahon

Mga pahiuna
  • Andrea, Alfred J. (2003). Encyclopedia of the Crusades. ISBN 0-313-31659-7. OCLC 52030565. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  • Asbridge, Thomas (2005). The First Crusade: A New History: The Roots of Conflict between Christianity and Islam. ISBN 0-195-18905-1. OCLC 60964496. 
  • France, John (1999). Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades, 1000–1300. ISBN 0-801-48607-6. OCLC 40179990. 
  • Hillenbrand, Carole. The Crusades, Islamic Perspectives. (2000)
  • Holt, P.M. The Age of the Crusades: The Near East from the Eleventh Century to 1517. (1986)
  • Phillips, Jonathan. Holy Warriors: A Modern History of the Crusades (2010)
  • Riley-Smith, Jonathan, ed. The Atlas of the Crusades (1991)
  • Riley-Smith, Jonathan. The Crusades, Christianity, and Islam (2011)
Pina-urog nga pag-aram
  • Boas, Adrian J. Jerusalem in the Time of the Crusades: Society, Landscape, and Art in the Holy City under Frankish Rule (2001)
  • Bull, Marcus, and Norman Housley, eds. The Experience of Crusading Volume 1, Western Approaches. (2003)
  • Edbury, Peter, and Jonathan Phillips, eds. The Experience of Crusading Volume 2, Defining the Crusader Kingdom. (2003)
  • Florean, Dana. "East Meets West: Cultural Confrontation and Exchange after the First Crusade." Language & Intercultural Communication, 2007, Vol. 7 Issue 2, pp. 144–151
  • Folda, Jaroslav. Crusader Art in the Holy Land, From the Third Crusade to the Fall of Acre (2005)
  • France, John. Victory in the East: A Military History of the First Crusade (1996)
  • Harris, Jonathan, Byzantium and the Crusades, Bloomsbury, 2nd ed. (2014) ISBN 978-1-78093-767-0
  • Hillenbrand, Car. The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives (1999)
  • Housley, Norman. The Later Crusades, 1274–1580: From Lyons to Alcazar (1992)
  • James, Douglas. "Christians and the First Crusade." History Review (Dec 2005), Issue 53
  • Kagay, Donald J., and L. J. Andrew Villalon, eds. Crusaders, Condottieri, and Cannon: Medieval Warfare in Societies around the Mediterranean. (2003)
  • Maalouf, Amin. Crusades Through Arab Eyes (1989)
  • Madden, Thomas F. et al., eds. Crusades Medieval Worlds in Conflict (2010)
  • Peters, Edward. Christian Society and the Crusades, 1198–1229 (1971)
  • Powell, James M. Anatomy of a Crusade, 1213–1221, (1986)
  • Queller, Donald E., and Thomas F. Madden. The Fourth Crusade: The Conquest of Constantinople (2nd ed. 1999)
  • Riley-Smith, Jonathan.The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading. (1986)
  • Runciman, Steven. A History of the Crusades: Volume 2, The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Frankish East (1952) vol 2 online free; A History of the Crusades: Volume 3, The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades (1954); the classic 20th century history
  • Setton, Kenneth ed., A History of the Crusades. (1969–1989), the standard scholarly history in six volumes, published by the University of Wisconsin Press
Includes: The first hundred years (2nd ed. 1969); The later Crusades, 1189–1311 (1969); The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries (1975); The art and architecture of the crusader states (1977); The impact of the Crusades on the Near East (1985); The impact of the Crusades on Europe (1989)
  • Smail, R. C. "Crusaders' Castles of the Twelfth Century" Cambridge Historical Journal Vol. 10, No. 2. (1951), pp. 133–149.
  • Stark, Rodney. God's Battalions: The Case for the Crusades (2010)
  • Tyerman, Christopher. England and the Crusades, 1095–1588. (1988)
Panguna nga pagkukuhaan
  • Barber, Malcolm, Bate, Keith (2010). Letters from the East: Crusaders, Pilgrims and Settlers in the 12th–13th Centuries (Crusade Texts in Translation Volume 18, Ashgate Publishing Ltd)
  • Bird, Jessalynn, et al. eds. Crusade and Christendom: Annotated Documents in Translation from Innocent III to the Fall of Acre, 1187-1291 (2013) excerpts
  • Housley, Norman, ed. Documents on the Later Crusades, 1274–1580 (1996)
  • Krey, August C. The First Crusade: The Accounts of Eye-Witnesses and Participants (1958)
  • Shaw, M. R. B. ed.Chronicles of the Crusades (1963)
  • Villehardouin, Geoffrey, and Jean de Joinville. Chronicles of the Crusades ed. by Sir Frank Marzials (2007)

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

Kitaa an Crusade ha
Wiktionary, an gawasnon nga pagpurulongan o diksyunaryu.