↑ 2.002.012.022.032.042.052.062.072.082.092.102.184.108.40.206.15Smith-Vaniz, W.F., J.-C. Quéro and M. Desoutter (1990) Carangidae., p. 729-755. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.
↑ 3.03.1Berry, F.H. and W.F. Smith-Vaniz (1978) Carangidae., In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). volume 1. FAO, Rome. [var. pag.].
↑ 4.04.1Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2001) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of December 2001., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in December 2001.
↑ 5.05.1Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley (1989) Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae., Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2007) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of June 2007., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in June 2007.