↑ 2.02.12.22.3Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba (1990) FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date., FAO Fish. Synop. 10 (125). 442 p.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2005) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of May 2005., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in May 2005.