↑ 1.01.1May, J.L. and J.G.H. Maxwell (1986) Trawl fish from temperate waters of Australia., CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, Tasmania. 492 p.
↑Armitage, R.O., D.A. Payne, G.J. Lockley, H.M. Currie, R.L. Colban, B.G. Lamb and L.J. Paul (eds.) (1994) Guide book to New Zealand commercial fish species. Revised edition., New Zealand Fishing Industry Board, Wellington, New Zealand, 216 p.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (1998) Catalog of fishes., Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (1999) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of November 1999., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in November 1999.