↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2001) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of December 2001., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in December 2001.
↑Lieske, E. and R. Myers (1994) Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea., Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p.
↑Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley (1989) Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae., Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p.
↑Myers, R.F. (1991) Micronesian reef fishes., Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.