René Descartes

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René Descartes
Portrait after Frans Hals, 1648[1]
Natawo 31 Marso 1596(1596-03-31)
La Haye en Touraine, Touraine (present-day Descartes, Indre-et-Loire), France
Namatay 11 Pebrero 1650 (edad 53)
Stockholm, Sweden
Nasodhanon French
Relihiyon Roman Catholic[2]
Panahon 17th-century philosophy
Relihiyon Western Philosophy
Panhunahuna Cartesianism, Rationalism, Foundationalism
Main interests
Metaphysics, Epistemology, Mathematics
Mga ideya nga kilala
Cogito ergo sum, method of doubt, Cartesian coordinate system, Cartesian dualism, ontological argument for the existence of Christian God; Folium of Descartes

Hi René Descartes (31 Marso 1596 – 11 Pebrero 1650), agsob liwat tawagon nga Renatus Cartesius (Linatin), usa hya nga Franses nga pilosopo, matematiko, syentipiko ngan manunurat nga nag-ukoy haros han iya kalagas nga kinabuhi ha Nederlandes. Ginagnayan hiya nga "Amay han Kabag-ohan nga Pilosoiya" ngan kadam-an han Katundan nga pilosopiya, mga baton ha iya mga sinurat, nga kutob yana tim-os nga ginaadman.

Pinanbasaran[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  1. Russell Shorto. Descartes' Bones. (Doubleday, 2008) p. 218; see also The Louvre, Atlas Database,
  2. "René Descartes". Ginkuhà 2012-05-30. "...preferred to avoid all collision with ecclesiastical authority." 
  3. Marenbon, John (2007). Medieval Philosophy: an historical and philosophical introduction. Routledge. p. 174. ISBN 978-0-415-28112-6. ISBN 978-0-415-28113-3

Tinirok nga binuhatan[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • 1983. Oeuvres de Descartes in 11 vols. Adam, Charles, and Tannery, Paul, eds. Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin. This work is traditionally cited with the initials AT (for Adam and Tannery) followed by a volume number in Roman numerals; thus ATVII refers to Oeuvres de Descartes volume 7.

Tinirok nga Iningles nga paghubad[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • 1955. The Philosophical Works, E.S. Haldane and G.R.T. Ross, trans. Dover Publications. This work is traditionally cited with the initials HR (for Haldane and Ross) followed by a volume number in Roman numerals; thus HRII refers to volume 2 of this edition.
  • 1988. The Philosophical Writings Of Descartes in 3 vols. Cottingham, J., Stoothoff, R., Kenny, A., and Murdoch, D., trans. Cambridge University Press.

Uusa nga binuhatan[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

Principia philosophiae, 1685
  • 1618. Compendium Musicae.
  • 1628. Rules for the Direction of the Mind.
  • 1637. Discourse on the Method ("Discours de la Methode"). An introduction to Dioptrique, Des Météores and La Géométrie. Original in French, because intended for a wider public.
  • 1637. La Géométrie. Smith, David E., and Lantham, M. L., trans., 1954. The Geometry of René Descartes. Dover.
  • 1641. Meditations on First Philosophy. Cottingham, J., trans., 1996. Cambridge University Press. Latin original. Alternative English title: Metaphysical Meditations. Includes six Objections and Replies. A second edition published the following year, includes an additional Objection and Reply and a Letter to Dinet. HTML Online Latin-French-English Edition
  • 1644. Les Principes de la philosophie. Miller, V. R. and R. P., trans., 1983. Principles of Philosophy. Reidel.
  • 1647. Comments on a Certain Broadsheet.
  • 1647. The Description of the Human Body.
  • 1648. Conversation with Burman.
  • 1649. Passions of the Soul. Voss, S. H., trans., 1989. Indianapolis: Hackett. Dedicated to Princess Elizabeth of Bohemia.

Sekondarya nga literatura[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Boyer, Carl (1985). A History of Mathematics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-02391-3.
  • Carriero, John (2008). Between Two Worlds. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-13561-8.
  • Clarke, Desmond (2006). Descartes: A Biography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-82301-3.
  • Costabel, Pierre (1987). René Descartes – Exercices pour les éléments des solides. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. ISBN 2-13-040099-X.
  • Cottingham, John (1992). The Cambridge Companion to Descartes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-36696-8.
  • Duncan, Steven M. (2008). The Proof of the External World: Cartesian Theism and the Possibility of Knowledge. Cambridge: James Clarke & Co. ISBN 978-0-227-17267-4
  • Farrell, John. "Demons of Descartes and Hobbes." Paranoia and Modernity: Cervantes to Rousseau (Cornell UP, 2006), chapter 7.
  • Garber, Daniel (1992). Descartes' Metaphysical Physics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-28219-8.
  • Garber, Daniel; Michael Ayers (1998). The Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-53721-5.
  • Gaukroger, Stephen (1995). Descartes: An Intellectual Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-823994-7.
  • Giuseppe Leone, [Il quarto centenario dalla nascita di Cartesio (1596)], Una "ragione" per l'Europa Unita, in "Ricorditi di me...", su Lecco 2000, Aprile 1996.
  • Grayling, A.C. (2005). Descartes: The Life and times of a Genius. New York: Walker Publishing Co., Inc.. ISBN 0-8027-1501-X.
  • Gillespie, A. (2006). Descartes' demon: A dialogical analysis of 'Meditations on First Philosophy.'[1] Theory & Psychology, 16, 761–781.
  • Martin Heidegger [1938] (2002) The Age of the World Picture in Off the beaten track
  • Keeling, S. V. (1968). Descartes. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN.
  • Melchert, Norman (2002). The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy. New York: McGraw Hill. ISBN 0-19-517510-7.
  • Moreno Romo, Juan Carlos (Coord.), Descartes vivo. Ejercicios de hermenéutica cartesiana, Anthropos, Barcelona, 2007'
  • Ozaki, Makoto (1991). Kartenspiel, oder Kommentar zu den Meditationen des Herrn Descartes. Berlin: Klein Verlag.. ISBN 3-927199-01-X.
  • Moreno Romo, Juan Carlos, Vindicación del cartesianismo radical, Anthropos, Barcelona, 2010.
  • Schäfer, Rainer (2006). Zweifel und Sein – Der Ursprung des modernen Selbstbewusstseins in Descartes' cogito. Wuerzburg: Koenigshausen&Neumann. ISBN 3-8260-3202-0.
  • Serfati, M., 2005, "Geometria" in Ivor Grattan-Guinness, ed., Landmark Writings in Western Mathematics. Elsevier: 1–22.
  • Sorrell, Tom (1987). Descartes. Oxford: Oxford University Press.. ISBN 0-19-287636-8.
  • Vrooman, Jack Rochford (1970). René Descartes: A Biography. Putnam Press.
  • Watson, Richard A. (31 March 2012). "René Descartes". Encyclopædia Britannica (Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc). Ginkuhà 31 March 2012. 
  • Naaman-Zauderer, Noa (2010). Descartes' Deontological Turn: Reason, Will and Virtue in the Later Writings. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-76330-1.

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]



Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy