Republika Demokratika han Congo

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Republika Demokratika han Congo
République Démocratique du Congo
LemaJustice – Paix – Travail  (French)
"Justice – Peace – Work"
Nasodnon nga awitDebout Congolais
Kapital (Pamunuan)
(ngan gidako-i nga syudad)
Kinshasaa
4°19′S 15°19′E / 4.317°S 15.317°E / -4.317; 15.317
(Mga) Opisyal nga Pinulongan French
Ginkikilala nga (mga) pinulongan nga rehiyonal Lingala, Kikongo, Swahili, Tshiluba
Demonimo Congolese
Kagamhanan Semi-presidential republic
 -  President Joseph Kabila
 -  Prime Minister Adolphe Muzito
Independence
 -  from Belgium 30 June 1960 
Kahaluag
 -  Bug-os 2,344,858 nga km2 (12th)
905,355  nga kw nga mi 
 -  Katubigan nga (%) 3.3
Katawhan
 -  July 2009 nga banabana 68,692,542[1] (19th)
 -  1984 census 29,673,000 
 -  Densidad 29.3/km2 (182nd)
75.9/kw nga mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 nga banabana
 -  Total $20.738 billion[2] (120)
 -  Per capita $329[2] (180)
GDP (nominal) 2008 nga banabana
 -  Total $11.629 billion[2] (118)
 -  Per capita $185[2] (178)
HDI (2009[3]) 0.389 (low) (176)
Salapî Congolese franc (CDF)
Zona hin oras WAT, CAT (UTC+1 to +2)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+1 to +2)
Namanehar ha right
Internet nga TLD .cd
Kodigo hin pagtawag 243
a Estimate is based on regression; other PPP figures are extrapolated from the latest International Comparison Programme benchmark estimates.

An Demokratika nga Republika han Congo (puyde liwat Republika Demokratika han Congo), diri angay malipat ha sapit nga lain nga Nasod han Congo, amo an usa ka nasod han Africa. An kapital amo an syudad han Kinshasa.

Mga lalawigan ha Demokratika nga Republika han Congo[igliwat | igliwat an pinagtikangan]

Mapa han mga lalawigan han Demokratika nga Republika han Congo
Lalawigan Kapital
1. Kinshasa Kinshasa
2. Kongo central Matadi
3. Kwango Kenge
4. Kwilu Kikwit
5. Mai-Ndombe Inongo
6. Kasaï Luebo
7. Lulua Kananga
8. Kasaï oriental Mbuji-Mayi
9. Lomami Kabinda
10. Sankuru Lodja
11. Maniema Kindu
12. Sud-Kivu Bukavu
13. Nord-Kivu Goma
Lalawigan Kapital
14. Ituri Bunia
15. Haut-Uele Isiro
16. Tshopo Kisangani
17. Bas-Uele Buta
18. Nord-Ubangi Gbadolite
19. Mongala Lisala
20. Sud-Ubangi Gemena
21. Équateur Mbandaka
22. Tshuapa Boende
23. Tanganyika Kalemie
24. Haut-Lomami Kamina
25. Lualaba Kolwezi
26. Haut-Katanga Lubumbashi

Pinanbasaran[igliwat | igliwat an pinagtikangan]

Padugang nga barasahon[igliwat | igliwat an pinagtikangan]

  • Clark, John F., The African Stakes of the Congo War, 2004.
  • Devlin, Larry (2007). Chief of Station, Congo: A Memoir of 1960–67. New York: PublicAffairs. ISBN 978-1-58648-405-7..
  • Drummond, Bill and Manning, Mark, The Wild Highway, 2005.
  • Edgerton, Robert, The Troubled Heart of Africa: A History of the Congo. St. Martin's Press, December 2002.
  • Exenberger, Andreas/Hartmann, Simon. The Dark Side of Globalization. The Vicious Cycle of Exploitation from World Market Integration: Lesson from the Congo, Working Papers in Economics and Statistics 31, University Innsbruck 2007.
  • Exenberger, Andreas/Hartmann, Simon. Doomed to Disaster? Long-term Trajectories of Exploitation in the Congo, Paper to be presented at the Workshop "Colonial Extraction in the Netherlands Indies and Belgian Congo: Institutions, Institutional Change and Long Term Consequences", Utrecht 3–4 December 2010.
  • Gondola, Ch. Didier, "The History of Congo", Westport: Greenwood Press, 2002.
  • Joris, Lieve, translated by Waters, Liz, The Rebels' Hour, Atlantic, 2008.
  • Justenhoven, Heinz-Gerhard; Ehrhart, Hans Georg. Intervention im Kongo: eine kritische Analyse der Befriedungspolitik von UN und EU. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2008. (In German) ISBN 978-3-17-020781-3.
  • Kingsolver, Barbara. The Poisonwood Bible HarperCollins, 1998.
  • Larémont, Ricardo René, ed. 2005. Borders, nationalism and the African state. Boulder, Colorado and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  • Lemarchand, Reni and Hamilton, Lee; Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide. Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1994.
  • Mealer, Bryan: "All Things Must Fight To Live", 2008. ISBN 1-59691-345-2.
  • Melvern, Linda, Conspiracy to Murder: The Rwandan Genocide and the International Community. Verso, 2004.
  • Miller, Eric: "The Inability of Peacekeeping to Address the Security Dilemma", 2010. ISBN 978-3-8383-4027-2.
  • Mwakikagile, Godfrey, Nyerere and Africa: End of an Era, Third Edition, New Africa Press, 2006, "Chapter Six: Congo in The Sixties: The Bleeding Heart of Africa", pp. 147 – 205, ISBN 978-0-9802534-1-2; Mwakikagile, Godfrey, Africa and America in The Sixties: A Decade That Changed The Nation and The Destiny of A Continent, First Edition, New Africa Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-9802534-2-9.
  • Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges, The Congo from Leopold to Kabila: A People's History, 2002.
  • O'Hanlon, Redmond, Congo Journey, 1996.
  • O'Hanlon, Redmond, No Mercy: A Journey into the Heart of the Congo, 1998.
  • Prunier, Gérard, Africa's World War: Congo, the Rwandan Genocide, and the Making of a Continental Catastrophe, 2011 (also published as From Genocide to Continental War: The Congolese Conflict and the Crisis of Contemporary Africa: The Congo Conflict and the Crisis of Contemporary Africa).
  • Renton, David; Seddon, David; Zeilig, Leo. The Congo: Plunder and Resistance, 2007. ISBN 978-1-84277-485-4.
  • Reyntjens, Filip, The Great African War: Congo and Regional Geopolitics, 1996–2006 , 2009.
  • Rorison, Sean, Bradt Travel Guide: Congo  — Democratic Republic/Republic, 2008.
  • Schulz, Manfred. Entwicklungsträger in der DR Kongo: Entwicklungen in Politik, Wirtschaft, Religion, Zivilgesellschaft und Kultur, Berlin: Lit, 2008, (in German) ISBN 978-3-8258-0425-1.
  • Stearns, Jason: Dancing in the Glory of Monsters: the Collapse of the Congo and the Great War of Africa, Public Affairs, 2011.
  • Tayler, Jeffrey, Facing the Congo, 2001.
  • Turner, Thomas, The Congo Wars: Conflict, Myth and Reality, 2007.
  • Wrong, Michela, In the Footsteps of Mr. Kurtz: Living on the Brink of Disaster in Mobutu's Congo.
  • Osman, Mohamed Omer Guudle(November,2011) Africa: A rich Continent where poorest people live, The Case of DR Congo and the exploitation of the World Market

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | igliwat an pinagtikangan]