↑ 1.01.11.21.220.127.116.11.7Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman (1973) Freshwater fishes of Canada., Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184:1-966.
↑Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott (1991) Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada., Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p.
↑Ma, X., X. Bangxi, W. Yindong and W. Mingxue (2003) Intentionally introduced and transferred fishes in China's inland waters., Asian Fish. Sci. 16(3&4):279-290.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2003) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2003., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2003.