↑McAllister, D.E. (1990) A working list of fishes of the world., Copies available from D.E. McAllister, Canadian Museum of Nature, P.O. Box 3443, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 6P4, Canada. 2661 p. plus 1270 p. Index.
↑ 2.02.1Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray (1986) A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America., Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (1990) Catalog of the genera of recent fishes., California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA. 697 p.