↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2006) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of April 2006., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in April 2006.
↑Hureau, J.-C. and N.I. Litvinenko (1986) Scorpaenidae., p. 1211-1229. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol 3.