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↑Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene (1990) Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea., University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p.
↑Bianchi, G. (1985) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine and brackish-water species of Tanzania., Prepared and published with the support of TCP/URT/4406 and FAO (FIRM) Regular Programme. FAO, Rome. 199 p.
↑Compagno, L.J.V. (1999) Checklist of living elasmobranchs., p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland.