Umar

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'Umar bin al-Khattab

Islamic Empire During reign of Umar, 644
Commander of the Faithful
(Amir al-Mu'minin)
Reino 23 August 634 – November 7 644
Bug-os nga ngaran 'Umar bin al-Khattab
Titles al-Farooq ("Distinguisher between truth and false")
Amir al-Mo`mineen ("Commander of the Faithful)
Born c.586-590
Mecca, Arabia
Died 7 November 644
Medina, Arabia
Buried Jannat baqi next to Prophet Muhammad Al-Masjid al-Nabawi, Madinah
Predecessor Abu Bakr
Successor Uthman

Hi Umar (Inarabo: عمر بن الخطاب; Transliterasyon: `Umar ibn al-Khattāb, c. 586-590 CE – 7 Nobyembre 644), danay liwat tawagon nga Umar nga Harangdon o Farooq nga Harangdon amo an gigagamhaman ha upat nga Kalipa Rashidun ngan usa ha may ginkukusogi ngan impluwensya nga Kagamhanan Muslim.

Mga reperensya[igliwat | edit source]

  • Donner, Fred, The Early Islamic Conquests, Princeton University Press, 1981.
  • Guillaume, A., The Life of Muhammad, Oxford University Press, 1955.
  • Hourani, Albert, A History of the Arab Peoples, Faber and Faber, 1991.
  • Madelung, Wilferd, The Succession to Muhammad, Cambridge University Press, 1997.
  • "G.LeviDellaVida and M.Bonner "Umar" in Encyclopedia of Islam CD-ROM Edition v. 1.0, Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands 1999"
  • Previte-Orton, C. W (1971). The Shorter Cambridge Medieval History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • How Many Companions Do You Know? By Ali Al-Halawani

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | edit source]